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1 samuel 31 commentary

We know that if Jonathan had survived he would have gladly yielded the throne to David (1 Samuel 18:1-4). We cannot judge of the spiritual or eternal state of any by the manner of their death; for in that, there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked. i. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. Instead of taking his fear to the LORD Saul made things worse by seeking God’s voice through a spirit medium. So Saul, his three sons, his armorbearer, and all his men died together that same day. They died by one and the same sword--the very weapon with which they had massacred the Lord's servants at Nob. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. The story is familiar to many of us. With the Philistine army occupying territory on the other side of the Jordan, they have cut Israel in half, drawing a line from west to east. the temple of their idols and among the people. 1 Samuel 31:1 "Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa." And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword, and died with him. In that culture, to have your dead body treated this way was considered a fate worse than death itself. God’s work is bigger than any man or any group of people. SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. i. a. God instructed Samuel to anoint David, and Samuel has done that, albeit secretly—Saul knows nothing of the anointing (16:1-13). If Saul is gone, God raises up a David. on StudyLight.org He was told the previous day that he would die (1 Samuel 28:19), yet he did not seem to prepare his soul to meet God in any way. See the insightful remarks by Stephen B. Chapman, 1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 87-89, to which I am indebted. With the Philistine army occupying territory. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Saul Takes His Life (). Salem Media Group. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Then Saul said to his armorbearer, “Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me.” But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Disobedience has consequences for kings! . They forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them, : The victory of the Philistines was so complete that even those, fled in terror before the Philistines. He pleaded with his armorbearer to kill him, and when he would not, Saul killed himself (, : As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the. It was the LORD's mercy that did not … a. It may be that Saul fell on his sword, and life still lingered in him, so he asked this Amalekite to finish him off. Jesus knew this same principle would be used against His own disciples: Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of Me this night, for it is written: ‘I will strike the Shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’” (Mark 14:27). 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by E.W. 1 Samuel 31:1-7.SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. b. Saul’s sons: Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. 1. 1 Samuel Chapter 31 summary began with a great battle between the Philistines and Israel. burnt them--This was not a Hebrew custom. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Beginning of the Monarchy (1 Samuel 8-31) Appointment of the first king (1 Samuel 8-10) Saul's reign until his rejection (1 Samuel 11-15) The fall of Saul and rise of David (1 Samuel 16-31) As the book of 1 Samuel opens, lawlessness is reaching its height in Israel. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. THE PHILISTINES TRIUMPH OVER THEIR DEAD BODIES. ii. God’s work is bigger than any man or any group of people. 1 Samuel 31:1 is the next day. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Click on the different category headings to find out more. In taking the logical heirs to Saul’s throne, God cleared the way for David to become the next king of Israel. i. a. Complete Concise Chapter Contents. Payne, like most modern scholars saw this battle as coming immediately after 1 Sam. Commentary on 1 Samuel 30-31 (Death of Saul) September 28, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment During the time covered in 1 Samuel 18-29, David built up a small army of 600 men from the outcasts of Israel, while Saul continued to hunt David down in order to kill him. They consecrated the armor of the king and his sons to the temple of Ashtaroth fastened their bodies on the temple of Shen, while they fixed the royal heads ignominiously in the temple of Dagon ( 1 Chronicles 10:10 ); thus dividing the glory among their several deities. The brave and worthy Jonathan died as we might expect him to – loyally fighting for his God, his country, and his father the king unto the very end. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king. They forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them: The victory of the Philistines was so complete that even those on the other side of the Jordan fled in terror before the Philistines. The men of Jabesh Gilead took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from their place of humiliation and gave them a proper burial. For the new initiative with Samuel, see especially Walter Brueggemann, First and Second Samuel: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (Lousville: John Knox, 1990), 27-28. As it was, David had to deal with Ishbosheth, the one surviving son of Saul before taking the undisputed throne of Israel (2 Samuel 2:8 through 4:12). Adam Clarke Commentary. The First Book of Samuel, Otherwise Called the First Book of the Kings Commentary by ROBERT JAMIESON CHAPTER 31 1Sa 31:1-7. I am reminded of a story in a fascinating book entitled Shantung Compound, written by Langdon Gilkey. And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and sent, throughout the land of the Philistines, to proclaim. 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is the product of almost sixty-five years of ministry and devotion to one's calling If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His. All rights reserved. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. The men of Jabesh Gilead took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from their place of humiliation and gave them a proper burial. Many people put off getting right with God until a later time, assuming they will still want to get right with God then. (See our comment on this in 1 Sam. to repent. The inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead — They lived on the other side of Jordan; for the people on this side were fled. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. ii. Proud member In the books of 1 and 2 Samuel, the author tells his story in a way similar to the way major television networks cover the Olympics. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Then they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days. The street was called from the temple which stood in it. When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. 1 Samuel 31:1. (8-13) Commentary on 1 Samuel 31:1-7 (Read 1 Samuel 31:1-7). But the marvels of modern communication provide a solution: one event is covered live as it is taking place, while the other events are video taped. All his men died together that same day: As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the absence of any kind of sorrow or repentance or crying out to God at all on Saul’s part. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 31 and more! 2. SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. He pleaded with his armorbearer to kill him, and when he would not, Saul killed himself (Saul took a sword and fell on it). The archers hit him, and he was severely wounded by the archers. The brave and worthy Jonathan died as we might expect him to – loyally fighting for his God, his country, and his father the king unto the very end. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 3:1-21 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. 1 Samuel 31:1-7 . a. All the valiant men arose, and went all night — To avoid discovery. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. i. , they have cut Israel in half, drawing a line from west to east. Taking advantage of the heights of Mount Gilboa, [the Israelites] attempted to rally, but in vain. CHAPTER 31. for just cause before the world and God’s people (1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:6). 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons. Samuel told Saul that he and his sons would die the next day (1 Samuel 28:19). The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts. 1 1st Samuel Chapters 29-31 – John Karmelich 1. Not quite a P.O.… 1-samuel 31:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. However, that officer refused to do so. The battle became intense against Saul: Saul, struck by many arrows and severely wounded, knew the battle was completely lost. on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

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