As an extension of our Guide to the Best Knife Steel, weâve compiled the reference table below showing the most popular types of knife steel and their composition of the various elements. And while it can be hard depending on the heat treat, I have found it easily chips, causing microscopic dings in the edge when hardened to a high level on a thin blade. The 14C28N stainless steel from Swedish manufacturer Sandvik is considered an upgrade to their 13C26 described below. Only a few years ago Elmax was pricey, but competition has driven it down to reasonable levels, making it a decent value. We looked at common steels used by popular knife brands to help you select the right material for your blade. 8Cr13MoV is a Chinese designed stainless steel. Chris Reeve’s version, which is about two points less hard than others, is quite good. Developed by New Jersey Steel Baron, Nitro V is a non-powder steel marketed as an enhanced version of AEB-L. Nitro V, as its name indicates, adds nitrogen to AEB-L’s formula to make the steel even more corrosion-resistant. 8Cr13MoV; 13C26N; 440C; 14C28N; Whilst this list is nowhere near exhaustive, it really does bring home how much variety there is in the world of high end cutlery. 52100: AEB-L: ATS-34: RWL-34: ZDP-189: Cold Steel still uses VG-1 on some knives, and, for the money, it does well. Learn how to live, work, and play — and stay connected! GearJunkie may earn a small commission from affiliate links in this article. Like S90V, it’s a high-hardness steel, but it’s more balanced than S90V. Flashlights run the gamut of price and quality. It has enough water-fighting properties that it can be used in marine environments. XHP is an exceptionally well-balanced steel with excellent all-around attributes. But it is noticeably more â¦ But we’ve tested this metal in the form of the Sobata 398 for nearly a year and have been continually impressed. 8CR13MOV VS 440C. 14C28N S30V; EDGE RETENTION: 3/10: 5/10: I held the toe of the sock in one hand and with my other hand push cut with ease a perfect line right through the sock. But to learn more about these and other attributes, read our related outdoor knife buyer’s guide. This is an American-made powder steel. CPM154 is a truly superior steel. While not a powder steel, 154CM is widely used in nicer knives. Enter before February 7th for your chance to win. It’s a good balance between all three attributes, being relatively hard, tough, and corrosion-resistant. Topics: Camping, Explainer Series, Knives, Outdoor. Read more…. Carpenter produces this powder steel. TWISTED SISAL MERCH - THANKS TO MISHEARDKNIFEREVIEWS: https://teespring.com/twisted-sisal-merch Remember to subscribe for more lunacy - hit the bell etc! The recipes for each steel isn't changed to suit different manufacturers. But it is a bit more difficult to sharpen and it's a littler harder to get a very fine edge also. 8Cr13mov VS 440C - BladeForums. Crucible intends SPY27 to be good all-around knife steel. A proprietary steel and heat treat developed by Busse Knives, INFI is an excellent performer and one of the best steels for big choppers on the market. I’ve found S35VN less chippy even at the same hardness. In particular, I have found the ESEE/Rowen 1095 to be less likely to chip and better at holding an edge than the Ka-Bar version — even in knives with the same role, thickness, and blade length. But it’s lightyears ahead of the alternatives, specifically titanium-bladed knives. Spyderco is the only production company using this steel, though Michael Gavik of Gavko knives produced a number of customs in LC 200N. Polar Watch’s Built-In ‘Performance Tests’ Give Leg Up on the Competition, The Best Cross Country Skis and How to Choose Them, Luno Life Luno Air Mattress 2.0 Extends Your Car's Sleeping Space, 'Once Upon a Time': 22 Years of Swiss Freeriding History, Sustainable Skiing: Pros Weigh In on What Needs to Change, Canadian Teen Sends Grueling V14 Test Piece in Squamish, Meaningful Miles: Tracksmith Running on Coping, Running Through 2020, What It Means to Be a XC Skier: A Rap Confessional, 12 Days of Savings: Gifts for Every Cyclist, Don’t-Miss Deals: Cyber Week Discounts Still Going Strong, Don't Miss These Amazon Cyber Monday Deals. But it is a bit more difficult to sharpen and it's a littler harder to get a very fine edge also. In my experience, it will tarnish and discolor quickly. Generally seen as a slight upgrade to the 440C/VG-10/ATS-34 caliber of steel, it’s a decent all-around steel with good corrosion resistance, decent toughness, and only modest hardness. There is a powder form, CPM-D2, and PSF27 is also very chemically similar. By popular request I have created a steel chart, where I try to simply map out the relative merits of each steel. It is the reason why you should not ignore the 8cr13mov when considering the best EDC knife under $50. That’s a little too far, but you get the point.). Furthermore, because of its ultrahigh hardness, Maxamet is very prone to corrosion, probably worse than 1095. This is the steel used in Swiss Army knives and is excellent for beginner sharpeners. 40 It’s not a particularly great cutter, being poor at retaining an edge. D2 has been around for more than 20 years, an eternity in metallurgy terms. The other stainless steels such as : -12C27M -13C26 Don't have higher edge retention in abrasive cutting, in fact they have less, but they are designed for other things : -12C27M is intended for corrosion resistance high enough for dishwashers I find 14C28N to hold an edge slightly better than 8Cr13MoV. It is relatively easy to sharpen and can take a fine edge and hold it pretty well. My anecdote for how brittle Sandvik is. And it was exclusive to Kershaw for about a year after introduction). Maxamet’s hardness results in incredible edge retention and a nightmarish sharpening and machining experience. It’s an anomaly in the knife world and quite puzzling to use. It’s very corrosion-resistant and quite tough. The brand Bark River uses A2 in many models. And is supposed to be cheaper to make and be almost as good. Kershaw is a well respected manufacturer. BD1 is excellent budget steel, very similar in composition and performance to GIN-1, a Japanese steel used a decade ago by Spyderco. I polished it off with a DMT extra fine, stropped it on cardboard with polishing compound and I thought it seemed pretty sharp but didn't really bother trying it out on anything but a scrap of paper. CRKT and Spyderco use BD1. This is a nitrogen steel that is extremely corrosion-resistant — so much so that it’s used in knives designed to go in salt water, among the most difficult conditions knives are used in. It’s very similar chemically to RWL 34 and ATS-34. A hunting knife has a single purpose: processing meat after a kill. With our heat treat, our customers have told us that it holds an edge really â¦ In a conference call with investors, Dick's Sporting Goods' outgoing CEO announced two new 'Public Lands' concept stores that will focus on 'elevated' camp and outdoor gear. Free shipping on orders over $99. So, I want to hear what you think about Kershaw's knives in these inexpensive steels. I decided to do this on 20 point scale, where I assign a maximum of 5 points to the 4 categories of Ease of Sharpening, Toughness, Edge Retention and Corrosion Resistance. Despite its wonderful performance, XHP is actually not terribly expensive compared to other high-end, all-around performers. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. 14C28N is offered on midprice knives and is one of the better steels on a dollar-for-dollar basis. Hammering through hickory, digging at roots in sandy soil, and cutting around bone did nothing to chip, dent, or roll the edge of my 3V knives. This is the highest quality steel with the grade of steel which helps in achieving the hardness of knife steel without compressing its micro-structure integrity. Spyderco offers this as the high-end steel for many of its evergreen blades, like the Paramilitary 2, Paramilitary 3, Manix 2, and Native 5. It’s very tough and exceptionally corrosion-resistant. They try very hard to maintain that reputation with excellent designs and QC on each product. I have nothing to offer to back up my claim except for my own limited experience though, which could easily be affected by a multitude of factors. Here, we break down how to choose a flashlight, including best flashlight LEDs, batteries, designs, and more. When it debuted, Sal Glesser described XHP as a combination of D2’s hardness and 440C’s corrosion resistance. It boasts an incredible ability to continue cutting long after it seems “dull.” And it’s not made of steel. I’ve found that most makers harden S30V too much, making it prone to chipping at the edge. My take on these two alloys from Kershaw. I disagree about how fine of an edge the Sandvik can take compared to the Chinese steel. I found out how sharp when I needed to cut the toe off of a sock for some project and I was in a parking lot with no other tools. Kershaw was the exclusive buyer of the steel for a few years. A new steel from Crucible, SPY27 launched in 2020 in the Spyderco Native 5 and Para 3. 1095 stains easily and thus is often coated, especially in fixed blades. This is my first foray into Stainless, might as well since I got the digital kiln... First heat treat went well, only complaint is both blades have a bow in them. But it isn't quite as good. Also known as Z-Finit, Zapp produces this steel in America. But in use, I’ve found nothing that withstands the abuse that 3V can take. Because of its difficulty in sharpening and machining, it’s very rarely used and comes with a high price premium. Editor’s note: This article was first published in May 2015 and was most recently updated on May 25, 2020. HRC: 57â59. youmakemehole Member Posts: 227 Joined: Wed Feb 06, 2019 7:42 am. Instead, Vargo titanium uses a unique material called sintered titanium-ceramic alloy. Got it shaving sharp, and it was much easier to sharpen than my Sandvik blade. (Some crazy folks clean their Swiss Army knives in a dishwasher. Anthony Sculimbrene authors the blog EverydayCommentary.com. It’s used for combat knives, bushcrafting knives, and other applications where having a supertough blade trumps the need for edge retention and corrosion resistance. If the knife you’re looking at has a 154CM blade, you’re fine. 8Cr13mov VS 440C | BladeForums. It's a nice knife. What is changed is how the manufacturer has the heat treatment done and how they profile the edge. Even though it has very high hardness, it’s also still decently resistant to corrosion and quite tough. The sandvik takes a stupid ridiculous sharp edge, super easy too. The old rule in steels used to be “corrosion resistance, toughness, or hardness — choose two.” But SM100 (the trade name for Nitinol 60) threw that out the window when introduced to the cutlery world. It landed right on the speedsafe lever and flung the knife open taking a bunch of tiny chips out of the blade and about.3mm of the tip off. Kershaw precision heat-treats 8Cr13MoV steel to bring out its very best high-performance characteristics: the ability to take and hold an edge, strength, and hardness. The primary difference between AEB-L and 14C28N is the addition of more chromium and a small amount of nitrogen. I find 14C28N to hold an edge slightly better than 8Cr13MoV. It’s easy to sharpen. 8Cr13MoV is not too great for edge retention or corrosion resistance. GiantMouse Vox/Anso ACE Iona Liner Lock Knife, The 30 Best Memorial Day Sales You Don’t Want to Miss. This is one of the better steels on the market. © Copyright 2020 GearJunkie, All Rights Reserved, The Best Running Shirts for Women in 2020, Climbing During COVID: What to Expect and Where You Can Go. It’s an update of its 12C27 and 13C26 steels, which were developed for use in shaving razors. just to give everyone the all the steel specs list above: 440C = 1% carbon, 17.5% chrome AUS-8 = 0.75% carbon, 14% chrome. In nitrogen steels, nitrogen is used as the iron-hardener instead of carbon, thus limiting the possibility of rusting. SHARPENING EASE: 8/10 In terms of â¦ So is BD1. 14C28N 8CR13MOV; EDGE RETENTION: 3/10: 1/10: EASE OF SHARPNESS: 6/10: 8/10: CORROSION RESISTANCE: 7/10: 6/10: TOUGHNESS: 6/10: 6/10: 8CR13MOV has lower edge retention, the same level of toughness, and slightly lower corrosion resistance compared to the CTS BD1 steel. This is a non-powder Japanese steel used primarily in Spyderco knives. In that regard it reminds me of the older Sandvik 13C26 that was Kershaw's mainstay for many years. And given the recipe, it has a low number of carbides, the extra-hard microcrystals in steel that provide the hardness necessary for a stable and sharp edge. Maxamet is one of two current high-hardness kings, with HRc marks in the high 60s approaching 70, a hardness usually only seen in carbide steels. : FastTech Forums A mediocre alloy with a great heat treat and edge profile will be seen as far superior to a better alloy with a poor heat treat and bad edge profile. Support us! Top. It’s tough, but that’s about it. In the race of Sandvik 14c28n vs 8cr13mov, if the formerâs strength lies in the excellent combination, the other is outstanding with its fair price. Read more…. One of the more common stainless steels, and one readily available in lots of different places worldwide, AUS-8 is a decent all-around steel. There has been some internet controversy over the grinding and heat treat of this steel. Knives are one of our oldest tools, so it makes sense that they have evolved into thousands of styles since the first person chipped one out of stone. Optimized chemistry provides a top grade knife steel with a unique combination of excellent edge performance, high hardness and good corrosion resistance. My first day carrying it it popped out of my pocket and fell on the cement. â¦ It’s found on a large number of traditional-style folders. A2 knives need care taken to avoid rust and are often coated to inhibit corrosion. though with any 440 grade steel there will be It will hold an edge for less than half the time as S30V and will rust much more readily as well. I won’t go into detail about those here. Sandvik 14C28N ® is a martensitic stainless chromium steel with a chemistry optimized for high quality professional knife applications. Note: There is a powder-metal version called CPM154 that’s purer than the non-powder version, making it easier for knifemakers to grind. The blades hold up well for normal round the house tasks, better than 8Cr13MoV and at 58-60 HRC a little more difficult to sharpen. It won’t hang long with high-end powder metal steels (a method of making steel using ultra-pure micrograins of steel that are heated and pressed together). They lack the carbon necessary to hold an edge, even during mild use. This means consumers should be able to maintain these quality knives at home. The 8cr doesn't take as good an edge I feel. Sandvik 14C28N is the latest development in Sandvik's range of knife steels. 8Cr13MoV is a very prevalent Chinese stainless steel. The closer to 20 points the âbetterâ the steel. This is a powder steel produced by American steel company Carpenter. Rowen’s heat treat on ESEE knives that use 1095 is exceptional; Ka-Bar’s is less so. In thick forms, like a fixed blade, 1095 is a tough, low-cost steel. Steels 7Cr and below aren’t worth your time or money. This is basically a retrofit of a very old steel, adding more carbon to the recipe of 420 (hence the HC for “high carbon”). 14C28N VS S30V. 420HC doesn’t hold an edge well, but it’s relatively stain-resistant and tough. Composition Comparison Graph For The Knife Steels AISI 440B, AISI 440C, Ahonest Changjiang 8Cr13MoV, Carpenter CTS-BD1 Version 4.36 CTS-204P and CPM-20CV are nearly identical steels made by other manufacturers. The stock I bought was slightly bent in transport (I guess), but I straightened the two pieces I started with. I have this and the CK6015 Viper, both with 9Cr18MoV steel, both are a mid-range price for a higher-end knife. 8Cr13mov VS 440C Support BladeForums! Jesse Jarosz, a custom maker from Montana, regularly uses AEB-L. But if you want to know what the coolest blade material is, for my money, SM100 is it. European steel company Sandvik produces 14C28N, a non-powder metallurgy steel. That's all I meant to say, I suppose I worded it too loosely. NordicTrack wants to give you $7,500 toward your Adventure Resolution. It just didn't seem to want to get as sharp or stay that way. Which one is right for you? But the way the manufacturer's process it (mostly heat treatment) before it reaches the consumer can vary. Re: 14c28n? If it was, it would be a different alloy and identified as such. May 25, 2020 | By Anthony Sculimbrene & Sean McCoy. GearJunkie hits the road to get out of office for a new content series with Go RVing. We did the research to help you find the best hunting knife for your needs and budget. As of November 2020, this is Spyderco-exclusive steel. A lot of custom makers also like S110V, including the great RJ Martin. Nitro V is also significantly cheaper than many other steels with this level of performance. EDGE RETENTION: 3/10. 8Cr13MoV . It’s very hard, tough, and corrosion-resistant. Blade materials are those used to make the blade of a knife or other simple edged hand tool or weapon, such as a hatchet or sword.. I'm naming Kershaw only because their name comes up a lot when we're talking budget folders, AND because the 8Cr-lmnop1234 and Sandvik 42-33-HIKE!!! Thanks to its very high hardness (64-66 HRc compared to the average of 58-62 HRc), ZDP-189 can be ground thinner and sharpened less often. It’s so high in hardness that Maxamet knives usually ship with desiccating packages. The Chinese 8Cr13MoV is certainly adequate for 99% of all the cutting you will ever do. VG-1 is a non-powder steel made by Japanese specialty steelmaker Takefu. There is one exception: Buck’s 420HC (Buck and only Buck) is produced using a proprietary heat treatment. 9Cr18MoV really ? No mainstream companies use SM100, and the niche makers that do usually charge more than $1,000 for knives with SM100 blades. CORROSION RESISTANCE: 3/10. Read more…. But among the steels you’ll find at Cabela’s and the like, this is a pretty good choice. (.68 Carbon, .13 Chromium) 3CR13: A Chinese Stainless steel that is similar in quality to 420J2 (AUS 4) stainless steel.The following formula is a break down in the steel: Around 13% chromium and 3% carbon. It’s exceedingly tough and relatively hard, but it’s not stainless. The steel is similar to Sandvik’s 13C26. Blade HQ carries thousands of knives from all of the top brands, including rare and collectible knives nobody else has. So perhaps alloy doesn't matter as much. It gets exceptionally sharp, a nod to its origins as a razorblade steel. Custom maker Brian Trudeau uses Nitro V, and Massdrop’s Perpetua design is the first production knife to sport it. It’s hard enough, tough enough, and stain-resistant enough. Itâs an update of its â¦ The Vargo Sobata 398 is unlike any other knife on this list. Type 8Cr, the more common formulation, is worse than AUS-8: a little more prone to corrosion and not quite as hard. If you’re looking for all all-around best knife steel, you’d be hard-pressed to find one better than Bohler Uddeholm M390. I bought a Needs Work. The original review is here: https://youtu.be/F4IEksoMIXE My blog has some info on the difference between the two types of steel. Which is fine for me, because I use my EDC a lot but never for really rough tasks.
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