It has 3,100 miles (4,989km) of coastline. Chile is a country of vast climate extremes. Norte Grande. As a general rule, the farther north the hotter and drier the climate. The Atacama Desert in northern Chile is one of the driest places in the world, while Santiago in central Chile enjoys a relaxing Mediterranean climate. Its capital is Santiago. Chile’s climate is as varied as its terrain. Chile’s “Great North” experiences a warm climate making it a suitable definition for travelers and tourists. Argentina is the second largest area of land in South America, separated from Chile to the west by the long spine of the Andes. – Chile is located along the Pacific Ring of Fire between the South American and Nazca tectonic plates and so is prone to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis It is bounded on the north by Peru and Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. The above blank map represents Chile, a long, narrow country located in the southwestern part of South America. Photo credit: wikipedia. The main factors that influence the climate of Chile are the Humboldt current, Andes Mountains, the coast ranges, southern circumpolar, and the Pacific anticyclone. Santiago climate summary The Santiago lies on 568m above sea level In Santiago, the climate is warm and temperate. The country is shaped like a long and narrow ribbon and is the longest country in the planet; its coastline along the Pacific Ocean stretches for 4,300 km or 2,700 m. Chile's unusual, ribbon-like shape - 4,300 km long and on average 175 km wide - has given it a hugely varied climate. The southern end of Chile is situated close to Antarctica and has a temperate climate with lots of rain. Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. The Geography of Chile Chile occupies a long strip of land in the south west of the South American continent. The climate here is classified as Csc by the Köppen-Geiger system. Its landscape is extremely varied, with the top sub-tropical and sun-baked, and its sub-Antarctic bottom tip glistening with icy waters and glaciers. Chile is one of the most geographically diverse countries in the world, with a wide variety of climates and weather conditions. A long, narrow country, it extends approximately 2,700 miles and has an average width of just 110 miles. As you […] The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for geography education purposes like map-pointing and coloring activities. Due to Chile’s long slender shape spanning from Peru in the north to Antarctica in the south, you’ll experience a very different climate depending on what part of the country you visit. A Few Interesting Facts about Chile’s Geography. And here are just a few more facts about Chile’s incredibly varied geography. The average temperature in Santiago is … The above outline map represents Chile, a long narrow country located in the southwestern part of South America. Geography. To the north, the climate grows gradually hotter and drier. To the south, the central valley comes into its own. Ojos del Salado Volcano. The winter months are much rainier than the summer months in Santiago. The chain of beaches and resorts continues north to La Serena, Chile's second-oldest city now known for its production of pisco, a grape brandy which follows closely behind wine on the list of Chile's preferred drinks.