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dolphin scientific name

They have a layer of fat, or blubber, under the skin to keep warm in the cold water. [161], Various species of dolphins are kept in captivity. Their species is the same as that of toothed whales. Roughly three categories of sounds can be identified: frequency modulated whistles, burst-pulsed sounds and clicks. Though not quite as flexible as seals, some dolphins can travel at speeds 29 km/h (18 mph) for short distances. Signal masking is when other similar sounds (conspecific sounds) interfere with the original acoustic sound. Aggressive and playful behavior among the dolphins decreased when swimmers were present. the long-beaked common dolphin (scientific name: delphinus capensis) swim in atlantic ocean. [10] Common dolphins are often seen in groups numbering several hundred individuals (with subgroups consisting of 20-30 individuals). Dolphin is a common name of aquatic mammals within the infraorder Cetacea. Depth was an important factor in bycatch, as incidental capture mostly took place along the continental shelf in water less than 300 m deep. As a result, this species sleeps in very short bursts which last between 4 and 60 seconds. [6][7] Common Name: Bottlenose dolphin, Atlantic bottlenose dolphin, Pacific bottlenose dolphin, bottle-nosed dolphin. [38], Organizations such as the Mote Marine Laboratory rescue and rehabilitate sick, wounded, stranded or orphaned dolphins while others, such as the Whale and Dolphin Conservation and Hong Kong Dolphin Conservation Society, work on dolphin conservation and welfare. Scientists in California in the 1960s concluded there were two species — the long-beaked and short-beaked. The animal's scientific name means "a dolphin like animal with a shortened snout". "Scientists Find Clues in Dolphins to Treat Diabetes in Humans", "Dolphins' "Remarkable" Recovery from Injury Offers Important Insights for Human Healing", "Shark vs. Dolphin Battles Can Have Surprising Outcomes", "TED: Stephen Palumbi: Following the mercury trail", "Interactions between Mediterranean bottlenose dolphins (, "Details on how Japan's dolphin catches work", https://www.news.com.au/technology/science/animals/aussie-shark-population-is-staggering-decline/news-story/49e910c828b6e2b735d1c68e6b2c956e, http://www.afd.org.au/news-articles/queenslands-shark-control-program-has-snagged-84000-animals, https://web.archive.org/web/20181002102324/https://www.marineconservation.org.au/pages/shark-culling.html, https://hsi.org.au/blog/separating-fact-from-fiction-in-qlds-shark-culling-program, http://www.sharkangels.org/index.php/media/news/157-shark-nets, "Time of Truth For US Dolphin Safe Logos", "Navy sonar may be killing whales, dolphins", "Npower renewables Underwater noise & vibration, section 9.4", "Making a Splash in the Pacific: Dolphin and Whale Myths and Legends of Oceania", "Orcas in Captivity – A look at killer whales in aquariums and parks", "Killer Controversy: Why Orcas Should No Longer Be Kept in Captivity", "Whale Attack Renews Captive Animal Debate", "An article on the aggressive nature of dolphins", "SeaWorld trainer killed by killer whale", "Why Tilikum, SeaWorld's Killer Orca, Was Infamous", "Killer whale Tilikum to be spared after drowning trainer by ponytail", "Killer whale bumps but doesn't bite boy", "The 6 Cutest Animals That Can Still Destroy You", "Scientists say dolphins should be treated as 'non- human persons, Dolphin rights: The world should follow India's lead, "Policy on establishment of dolphinarium", https://www.dw.com/en/dolphins-gain-unprecedented-protection-in-india/a-16834519, "Randomised controlled trial of animal facilitated therapy with dolphins in the treatment of depression", "Methodological concerns about animal-facilitated therapy with dolphins", "Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: more flawed data and more flawed conclusions", "Dolphin slaughter turns sea red as Japan hunting season returns", "Guidance for identifying populations at risk from mercury exposure", "平成15年6月3日に公表した「水銀を含有する魚介類等の 摂食に関する注意事項」について", The Oceania Project, Caring for Whales and Dolphins, Tursiops.org: Current Cetacean-related news, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dolphin&oldid=992016485, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Six species in the family Delphinidae are commonly called "whales", but genetically are dolphins. The reasons are not well understood, but are believed to be due to extensive human activity in the area. There are 40 extant species named as dolphins. [179][180] Four countries – Chile, Costa Rica, Hungary, and India – have declared dolphins to be "non-human persons" and have banned the capture and import of live dolphins for entertainment. Genetic studies in the Northeast Atlantic suggest that common dolphin pods generally do not consist of close kin, but rather of members that are not closely related. Other species kept in captivity are spotted dolphins, false killer whales and common dolphins, Commerson's dolphins, as well as rough-toothed dolphins, but all in much lower numbers than the bottlenose dolphin. Most scientists currently recognize two species of bottlenose dolphin: the common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus and the Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops adunctus. [27]  In the southern part of the Indo-Pacific Ocean, there are an estimated 20,000-22,000 common dolphins in a small portion of southern Australia (Bilgmann et al. Dolphins are still being trained by the United States Navy for other tasks as part of the U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program. Dolphins were sacred to both Aphrodite and Apollo. taxonomy. Females are larger than males. The healing process is rapid and even very deep wounds do not cause dolphins to hemorrhage to death. Save Comp. Dolphin meat is dense and such a dark shade of red as to appear black. The most 'familiar' dolphin species is the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). This melon consists of fat, and the skull of any such creature containing a melon will have a large depression. Traditionally, the stylised dolphins in heraldry still may take after this notion, sometimes showing the dolphin skin covered with fish scales. Category. [173] Tilikum has played a role in the death of three people in three different incidents (1991, 1999 and 2010). The most common dolphin species in captivity is the bottlenose dolphin, while there are around 60 captive killer whales. [97] Other reasons include orientation, social displays, fighting, non-verbal communication, entertainment and attempting to dislodge parasites. This includes both mesopelagic species and epipelagic schooling species. At Corinth, he was so closely connected with the cult of Poseidon that the Isthmian Games, originally instituted in Poseidon's honor, came to be looked upon as the funeral games of Melicertes. [49], The olfactory lobes are absent in dolphins, suggesting that they have no sense of smell. This allows dolphins to produce biosonar for orientation. Porpoises belong to the family Phocoenidae and share a common ancestry with the Delphinidae. In Hindu mythology the Ganges river dolphin is associated with Ganga, the deity of the Ganges river. The scientific name of the common bottlenose dolphin is Tursiops truncatus. If the animal then goes to the mirror in order to view the mark, it has exhibited strong evidence of self-awareness. [70] Typically dolphins give birth to a single calf, which is, unlike most other mammals, born tail first in most cases. The older a male dolphin is, the more likely his body is to be covered with bite scars. Taken together, these estimates suggest that well over six million common dolphins inhabit the World’s oceans. [11] The name 'dolphin' is used casually as a synonym for bottlenose dolphin, the most common and familiar species of dolphin. [79], Reports of cooperative human-dolphin fishing date back to the ancient Roman author and natural philosopher Pliny the Elder. Male dolphins can get into disputes over companions and females. Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages menacées d'extinction [18] Other dolphin hybrids live in captivity around the world or have been reported in the wild, such as a bottlenose-Atlantic spotted hybrid. Know Your Mammals Quiz . As well as this, the eyes of a dolphin are placed on the sides of its head, so their vision consists of two fields, rather than a binocular view like humans have. Compared to many other species, however, dolphin behavior has been studied extensively, both in captivity and in the wild. Image 111613084. Possible explanations include misdirected infanticide, misdirected sexual aggression or play behaviour. Habitat. Dolphins are common in Greek mythology, and many coins from ancient Greece have been found which feature a man, a boy or a deity riding on the back of a dolphin. Gallup Jr, Gordon G., and James R. Anderson. The term mereswine (that is, "sea pig") has also historically been used. The Ganges river dolphin was officially discovered in 1801. Image from: NOAA Fisheries Also known as the Sarawak dolphin , it is a cetacean species in the dolphin family Delphindae. Dr. Andrew J. [111] Comparison of a particular animal's brain size with the expected brain size based on such allometric analysis provides an encephalization quotient that can be used as another indication of animal intelligence. Scientists in California in the 1960s concluded there were two species — the long-beaked and short-beaked. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Britannica Quiz. [21][22], The primitive cetaceans, or archaeocetes, first took to the sea approximately 49 million years ago and became fully aquatic by 5–10 million years later. Facilities such as SeaWorld and the Georgia Aquarium are accredited by the AZA. [24][25][26][27] Their features became adapted for living in the marine environment. [5] They are also known to display altruistic behaviors to support injured members. Anesthetized dolphins initially show a tail kick reflex. The Long-beaked common dolphin. 231 pp. Fish and squid are the main food, but the false killer whale and the orca also feed on other marine mammals. The 36 dolphin species share more than a few characteristics. [168], Although dolphins generally interact well with humans, some attacks have occurred, most of them resulting in small injuries. Male dolphins typically mate with multiple females every year, but females only mate every two to three years. [9] In common usage the term 'whale' is used only for the larger cetacean species,[10] while the smaller ones with a beaked or longer nose are considered 'dolphins'. Marine mammals of the world: systematics and distribution. There are comparatively few surviving myths of dolphins in Polynesian cultures, in spite of their maritime traditions and relevance of other marine animals such as sharks and seabirds; unlike these, they are more often perceived as food than as totemic symbols. [159], The renewed popularity of dolphins in the 1960s resulted in the appearance of many dolphinaria around the world, making dolphins accessible to the public. Acts of aggression can become so intense that targeted dolphins sometimes go into exile after losing a fight. Other than at SeaWorld, at least 90 common dolphins are known to have been captured from the wild and kept in captivity. Besides drive hunting, they also face threats from bycatch, habitat loss, and marine pollution. [20], Dolphins are descendants of land-dwelling mammals of the artiodactyl order (even-toed ungulates). Allometric analysis indicates that mammalian brain size scales at approximately the ⅔ or ¾ exponent of the body mass. What are their scientific names? In South Africa, as many as 29 common dolphin signature whistle types were detected. This behavior is consistent with wild common dolphins off of New Zealand, as they actively avoid swimmers. The jumpin dolphin comes up from water. Males have two slits, one concealing the penis and one further behind for the anus. [146] Queensland's "shark control" program has killed more than 1,000 dolphins in recent years,[145] and at least 32 dolphins have been killed in Queensland since 2014. Pesticides, heavy metals, plastics, and other industrial and agricultural pollutants that do not disintegrate rapidly in the environment concentrate in predators such as dolphins. They are sometimes called, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 01:16. 2019); and 2,963,000 in the eastern tropical Pacific. Ganges river dolphins once lived in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh. Individual members then take turns plowing through the ball, feeding on the stunned fish. Other Name(s): Atlantic bottlenose dolphin; Scientific name: Tursiops truncatus; Type of Animal: Mammal; Animal Family: Delphinidae; Where Found: Tropical and temperate oceans worldwide; Length: 2 to 4 m (6.6 to 13.1 ft.) Weight: 150 to 650 kg (330 to 1,430 lb.) The scientific name of the common bottlenose dolphin is Tursiops truncatus. After the ship set sail Dionysus invoked his divine powers, causing vines to overgrow the ship where the mast and sails had been. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. [66] The Cornwall Wildlife Trust records about one such death a year. [88] These signature whistles are developed during a dolphin's first year; it continues to maintain the same sound throughout its lifetime. Their escape is prevented by closing off the route to the ocean with other boats or nets. [193], The Faroe Islands population was exposed to methylmercury largely from contaminated pilot whale meat, which contained very high levels of about 2 mg methylmercury/kg. Scientific Classification Common Name bottlenose dolphin, Atlantic bottlenose dolphin, Pacific bottlenose dolphin, bottle-nosed dolphin Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Cetacea Suborder Odontoceti Family Delphinidae Genus Species Tursiops truncatus. [142] Dolphin meat is high in mercury and may thus pose a health danger to humans when consumed. [100] Dolphins have also been observed harassing animals in other ways, for example by dragging birds underwater without showing any intent to eat them. The scientific name Stenella coeruleoalba for the Striped Dolphin comes from the Latin words “caeruleus” (“sky blue”) and “albus” (“white”), which refers to the animal’s unusual color pattern along the lateral and dorsal sides of The click rate increases when approaching an object of interest. Dolphins is a generic term used for a clade of marine mammals within the infraorder Cetacea. [44][45] River dolphins, however, have non-fused neck vertebrae and are able to turn their head up to 90°. A 2006 survey found no individuals of the Yangtze river dolphin, which now appears to be functionally extinct.[137]. There are also two closely related families – the white whales (Monodontidae) and river dolphins (Platanistidae). However, recent evidence has demonstrated that different populations of long-beaked common dolphins around the world are not closely related to one another and are often derived from a short-beaked ancestor (as well as not sharing common derived characters). In dolphins, and other marine mammals, there is no great difference between the outer and inner environments. pp. [46] Dolphins swim by moving their tail fin and rear body vertically, while their flippers are mainly used for steering. Very few entrapments took place when the depth exceeded 300 m. Time of day was also important as most dolphins became trapped in trawling nets at night (most active feeding takes place at night). Dolphins frequently leap above the water surface, this being done for various reasons. [163], The number of killer whales kept in captivity is very small, especially when compared to the number of bottlenose dolphins, with 60 captive killer whales being held in aquaria as of 2017[update]. Dolphins do, however, lack short wavelength sensitive visual pigments in their cone cells indicating a more limited capacity for color vision than most mammals. [17] A common-bottlenose hybrid lives at SeaWorld California. Where can you find a capybara? [82] A modern human-dolphin partnership currently operates in Laguna, Santa Catarina, Brazil. The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary has been created in the Ganges river for the protection of the animals. In addition, the species is also covered by the Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas (ASCOBANS)[35] and the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans in the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS).[36]. They are generally a pelagic species that are often found in waters 650-6,500 feet deep, with the short-beaked type preferring deeper waters than the long-beaked type[11] Temperature also plays a large role in the congregation of dolphins. [186] However, this study was criticized on several grounds. The calves are chocolate brown at birth and become grayish brown in adulthood with a smooth and hairless skin. Scientific Name. Various fishing methods, most notably purse seine fishing for tuna and the use of drift and gill nets, unintentionally kill many dolphins. Bottlenose dolphins are found in tropical oceans and other warm waters around the globe. [169], Several scientists who have researched dolphin behaviour have proposed that dolphins' unusually high intelligence in comparison to other animals means that dolphins should be seen as non-human persons who should have their own specific rights and that it is morally unacceptable to keep them captive for entertainment purposes or to kill them either intentionally for consumption or unintentionally as by-catch. [115] However, some researchers have argued that evidence for self-awareness has not been convincingly demonstrated. [32], The short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis is listed globally on Appendix II[33] of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS). Their skeletal anatomy allows them to be fast swimmers. [80][81] Some species also whack fish with their flukes, stunning them and sometimes knocking them out of the water. [191] While Japan may be the best-known and most controversial example, only a very small minority of the population has ever sampled it. Lifespan: 20 to 45 years. This knowledge is mostly transferred by mothers to daughters, unlike simian primates, where knowledge is generally passed on to both sexes. [90] Bottlenose dolphins have a strong memory when it comes to these signature whistles, as they are able to relate to a signature whistle of an individual they have not encountered for over twenty years. [133], A study published in the journal Marine Mammal Science suggests that at least some dolphins survive shark attacks using everything from sophisticated combat moves to teaming up against the shark. The scientific name for a dolphin depends on the species of dolphin. However, the common dolphin is often depicted in Ancient Greek and Roman art and culture, most notably in a mural painted by the Greek Minoan civilization. [194], Similar concerns exist with the consumption of dolphin meat in the Faroe Islands, where prenatal exposure to methylmercury and PCBs primarily from the consumption of pilot whale meat has resulted in neuropsychological deficits amongst children. ", "Dolphins keep lifelong social memories, longest in a non-human species". [107] The neocortex of many species is home to elongated spindle neurons that, prior to 2007, were known only in hominids. Dolphin Scientific Name + Scientific Illustration Photo Animal References Pinterest Dolphin Scientific Name + A Tale Of Two Soundscapes Comparing The Acoustic Characteristics Of Dolphin Scientific Name + Non Neurogenic Svz Like Niche In Dolphins Mammals Devoid Of Dolphin Scientific Name + List Of Cryptids Cryptid Wiki Fandom Powered By Wikia Dolphin Scientific Name + Http I773 Photobucket … It weighs upto 150kg. Lagenodelphis hosei. The common dolphin is the most abundant cetacean in the world, with a global population of about six million. Unlike many delphinids, common dolphins do not live in a matriarchal society. The term dolphin usually refers to the extant families Delphinidae (the oceanic dolphins), Platanistidae (the Indian river dolphins), Iniidae (the New World river dolphins), and Pontoporiidae (the brackish dolphins), and the extinct Lipotidae (baiji or Chinese river dolphin). There are also fewer than ten pilot whales, Amazon river dolphins, Risso's dolphins, spinner dolphins, or tucuxi in captivity. [14], In 1933, three hybrid dolphins beached off the Irish coast; they were hybrids between Risso's and bottlenose dolphins. It’s named for the way that it has the ability to “spin” its body around as many as six times when it leaps out of the water. Despite the controversial nature of the hunt resulting in international criticism, and the possible health risk that the often polluted meat causes, thousands of dolphins are caught in drive hunts each year. [23], Archaeoceti is a parvorder comprising ancient whales.

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