Inuit may have any number of names, given by parents and other community members. He established a local committee to verify spellings. The son John Ell travelled with Captain Comer. Inuit Heritage Trust is an excellent source for Inuit place names maps. Condensed from the Government of Nunavut, Department of Culture and Heritage. The information on places is important because historical records of those places may provide information about your family. The Inuit are actually one specific tribe, but the term inuit is often used to describe all the people previously often referred to as Eskimo, this term is considered offensive by many inuit. Between 1968 and 1970, Abe visited every Inuit home and asked the families to choose a name. He said there were positives and negatives to the project. The Inuit soon lost their family names, too. Undertaking genealogical research in Nunavut is not without obstacles. Then his principal at Sir Joseph Bernier Federal Day School, a residential school in Chersterfield Inlet, changed the spelling to Erneck in 1958. Their numbers were used as their last names on all government documents. Niviatsinaq had a son named Oudlanak who later was given the name John Ell. These Names are Modern as well as Unique. French names were quite common for Inuit because many of the priests in the North were from France or Quebec. There are long-held Inuit beliefs that people take on the characteristics of their namesake, and that spirits live on through them. The Anglican church, however, gave the children what Irniq called "Inukticized" names. © 2020 above&beyond – Canada's Arctic Journal, Order of Canada medals awarded to Northerners. In the show, the role of the direwolves are played by Northern Inuit pups. The Greenland-based Knud Rasmussen’s Fifth Thule Expedition of 1921 to 1924 documented the largest ethno-cultural record of the Eastern Arctic up to that time period. Their numbers were used as their last names on all government documents. In Inuit mythology, Malina is the name of a solar goddess. Inuit methods of raising children differ considerably from those in Southern Canada. Initially the priest named him Pierre, but it didn't stick, he said. Traditional Inuit names reflected things of importance (family, spirits, animals, the environment) and were neither gender-specific nor recognized shared family names. Koonoo (b. Through Project Surname, Inuit were told to choose and register surnames, or family names, along with their given name. The Inuit were also forced to wear their numbers around their necks like dog tags. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. These records provide names of Inuit by location and identify family relationships among the Inuit who visited the posts and who were employed. First, research begins with a historical survey of names, or atiit in Inuktut. Then each family would live and hunt together with 6-10 other families. Inuit Dog Names Inuit dog names are a great choice for owners of any dogs with an Arctic … Genealogy, also known as family history, is the study of families and tracing their history. Between 1910 and 1926, the Hudson Bay Company opened posts all across the North. Adamie; Aglukaq; Ahlooloo; Aisa; Aiyarani; Akitirq; Alaittuq; Allie; Alooloo; Alootook; Amakvik; Amidlak; Amosie; Annoray; Anoee; Aola; Aoudla; Ashevak; Ashoona; Atkak; Atuat; Audla; Audlaluk; Audlatek; Augeak; Aullalu; Avinga; Bammiuk; Davidee; Echalook; Eelee; Eeteenik; Eliyah; Epirvik; Etidlooie; Evalun; Goo; Igruk; Ilkoo; Inuktalik; Iola; Ipeelee; Ipellie; Iqaluk; Iqaluq; Isaacie; Iyola; … In Nunavut, these include records from census, military, regional immigration, land use reports, re-settlement programs, government projects, missionary and church, trading company, ethnographic literature, and explorer literature. One example would be a person whose great-grandfather was named the one name, Kunayak. They believed that names carried life and personality. These names are not gender specific and newborns are often named after recently deceased family members; this custom gives vitality to the soul of the deceased who becomes the child’s namesake. Traditionally, Inuit do not call each other by their given names. 1970. Family: Family groups were the most important social unit in Inuit culture. But Irniq said many Inuit took the names of their fathers, as is common in western culture. Inuit people are strict followers of animism, which explains their love for spiritual names, … "We've joined the mainstream of the Canadian society, just like all the Joneses and all the Smiths.". His mother named him Irniq, which means son in Inuktitut, when he was born in an igloo in 1947 on the land hundreds of kilometres from Naujaat, Nunavut. "My first birth certificate was Peter Ernerk, which was spelled by a Roman Catholic priest," Irniq told CBC from his home in Ottawa. Although names, places, and dates are a primary starting point, learning about historical events assist you in shaping your family tree. "We are taking ownership, reclaiming our language and our culture because it identifies who we are, where we come from and that we are Inuit," Pitsiulak said. Ataata Maari) for Pond Inlet and region genealogy. The Family Relations and Genealogy Strategy 2010-2014, developed by the Government of Nunavut’s Department of Culture and Heritage, initiated a series of Family Relations and Genealogy workshops across Nunavut from 2010 to 2012. Irniq ultimately believes that when Project Surname came into being, Inuit weren't quite ready to take on authorities. "I-R-N-I-Q is what I have always been," he said. Part of Okpik’s mission was to travel the North and explain the new system to locals, answering their questions and reassuring them that their surnames were to be their choice. example: *lee will match names which end with the sound lee (s) will match exactly one syllable in the pronunciation. How Inuit honour the tradition of naming, and spirits who have passed on, 'We are not monkeys': Inuit speak out about skin grafts done without consent in 1970s, CBC's Journalistic Standards and Practices. This is part of a larger project to locate surnames carried by Canadian Natives, First Peoples and Metis. Inuit Dog Names Inuit dog names are a great choice for owners of any dogs with an Arctic history or for those who have an interest in the Arctic regions of Alaska, Canada, and/or Greenland. The Canadian government labeled each Inuit with an Eskimo Identification number that doubled as their last name. In this view, becoming familiar with local historical events is useful in your research. She is constantly fleeing from her brother, the moon god IGALUK (Inuit) or ANNINGAN (Grenlandic), and their eternal chase explains the movement of the sun and moon through the sky. Marriage was important for the Inuit people. Those that wanted names to replace their disc numbers were recorded and their names were officially changed. Their journals included references to Inuit with whom they had made contact and who helped them survive. In this series of posts, I list surnames carried by Aboriginal (or part Aboriginal) individuals in the 1901 and 1911 census for the eastern provinces of Canada. Genealogy starts with the individual conducting the research and then works backwards. By taking the Name of a Child for years that will develop their personality traits according to the Meaning for his/her Name, whether you are the Mother or Father of a New Cute Baby, We have collected the list of Modern Inuit Baby Names with their Meaning. Namesakes can be attributed to more than one child, linking the children with the same namesake and forming a strong bond between them, through a special designation called atiqatigiik. 1966). Inuit names have a meaning, but there are almost no sex specific names despite these … Another difference between genealogical research on southern Canadians and Inuit is that Inuit traditionally did not have surnames, and so it is common to find only one name to represent a person in archival records. They usually lived in family groups of around 5-6 people. Despite the Arctic’s short history of written records, oral histories have emerged as reputable and helpful sources for information. Nunavut’s family history is distinct from Southern Canada because it predominately consists of regional migration within the Arctic, and, up until the recent past, people did not keep detailed or consistent records of individuals. They believed that names carried life and personality. Name: The name "Igloolik" means "there is an igloo here" in Inuktitut. Box 500 Station A Toronto, ON Canada, M5W 1E6. Marriage was important for the Inuit people. "So whenever they did give them their family surnames, that was really the first form of writing that they had to get used to.". Names like Johnny became Joanasie, David became Davidee — these names are still common among Inuit today. They gave our people names from the Bible — Joanasie, from John, Jamiesie (James), Olutie (Ruth), Miali (Mary), Salamonie (Solomon), Noah, Jonah, Ipeelie (Abel), Ilisapie (Elizabeth), and so on. Dig into and choose from MomJunction’s treasure of 70,000+ baby names that are divided based on meaning, religion, origin, English alphabet, and gender. The project involved about 12,000 people and changes were made to approximately 95 per cent of the names involved. Among ourselves, we always used our ancient names. 1892) interviewed by Father Guy Mary-Rousselière (a.k.a. For example, if an individual was adopted, they would have a different name than their biological family. Although the name "Eskimo" was commonly used in Alaska to refer to Inuit and Yupik people of the world, this usage is now considered unacceptable by many or even most Alaska Natives, largely since it is a colonial name … Due to the difficulties in maintaining a consistent administrative system for Inuit, who at the time did not customarily have surnames, identification by the use of disc numbers was introduced in 1935. Inuit names reflected what was important in their culture, including the environment, animals, family and spirits. Of special interest, Boas and Rasmussen had Inuit informants who were able to produce hand drawn maps from memory with remarkable accuracy. We’ve come a long way in documenting traditional place names in Nunavut in the past decades, though there is still a long road ahead before the names appear on official maps – like our neighbours in Greenland and in Nunavik. Additional sources of records come from the RCMP. In addition, the complexity of the Inuit concept of the lifecycle, inuusiq, has a central focus on the name, atiit. Changes in surnames and given names range from spelling variances to completely different names. Between the 1940s and 1970s, E-numbers were assigned to "Eskimos" and stamped on discs, which Inuit in the Canadian Arctic were forced to wear to keep track of census data, medical records, etc. example: (s)(s)ra will match names which have two syllables and then the sound rah Other than about two generations ago, there is little to no information about his heritage. These baby name lists are organised alphabetically. Local folk lore attributes the name ‘John Ell’ to the American boxer of the day, John L. Sullivan. The first phase of the disc numbers was implemented before the first Northwest Territories census carried out in 1941 where identification numbers were used in conjunction with first names. Traditional Inuit names reflected things of importance (family, spirits, animals, the environment) and were neither gender-specific nor recognized shared family names. However, due to criticism of the disc system, the Canadian government and the Northwest Territories Council initiated a program in 1970 to replace disc names with surnames known as Project Surname. The name Peter was the result of being baptized by the Catholic church. While some have English surnames, others took English first names and the surnames were names that had been in their family, perhaps the original name of an ancestor. The Canadian government labeled each Inuit with an Eskimo Identification number that doubled as their last name. Family names had not been used among Inuit for time immemorial, Irniq said, until Project Surname. For example, Irniq did not share names with his family members: his father was Athanasi Angutitaq, his mother Irene Katak, and his sister Bernadette Iguttaq. From this project, genealogy of family members can be ascertained by an individual’s last name corroborated with historical records in which Inuit first names are found. Find Perfect Inuit Names for your Baby Boy using SchoolMyKids baby name finder - Largest Inuit Baby names list. After a lifetime of spelling his name the way white priests and teachers told him to, in 1999 Peter Irniq finally decided to change his last name to the traditional Inuit pronunciation. Millie Kuliktana, from Kugluktuk, Nunavut, was named Millie at birth, and her cherished Alaskan great-uncle "gifted" her the Iñupiaq name, Qitupana. Project Surname, a government program put in place to rid Inuit of identification numbers, forced them to choose family names, which were not common in their culture. Other parts of the Arctic such as Greenland and the Soviet Union began similar renaming projects. "Our parents did not know a thing about naming their children in the English terms or French terms.". French names were quite common for Inuit because many of the priests in the North were from France or Quebec. For Zipporah, two years were added to 1921. Instead, they refer to each other using a system of kinship and family terms, known as tuqłurausiit (turk-thlo-raw-seet).Calling each other by kinship terms is a way to show respect and foster closeness within families. When Inuit moved into settlements, local and federal public authorities wanted to log specific dates of birth for health records, social assistance applications and other administration purposes. A known bearer of this name is the Inuit artist Imona Natsiapik (b. The head of the family picked a surname — often a relative's given name — … It is a priority for CBC to create a website that is accessible to all Canadians including people with visual, hearing, motor and cognitive challenges. "So I think to this day, Project Surname was 10 years too early. Elders and family members often offered naming advice to the mothers of newborns. In this time of reconciliation, we as Inuit are forcefully reclaiming our proper place as an Indigenous people in Canada by asserting Inuit self- determination through our language, our place names and our history. Inuit or Eskimo: Which name to use? "Project Surname was the end of Inuit culture in terms of naming our children," says Peter Irniq, former commissioner of Nunavut. Examples include "Itigaituk" (has no feet), "Anana" or "Anaana" (mother), "Piujuq" (beautiful) and "Tulimak" (rib). Consequently, the process of naming a child was about discovering who the child was, who they represented from the past and who they will become. At the same time, inuit isn't acceptable to the Yupik, who are one of the indigenous people part of the previously mentioned 150,000. Choose an Inuit name for your male or female dog using the list below or use these Inuit names as inspiration for a different dog name. His name had come to her in a dream. French names were quite common for Inuit because many of the priests in the North were from France or Quebec. "My parents did not choose my name," Irniq said. Introduction Place Names in Nunavut . Many Inuit have close connections with the person who named them, as well as people who have the same name. In Nunavut, Inuit names have undergone significant changes over a short span of time. The year of her birth was determined by her family answering the following question: at the time of Zipporah’s birth, how many full year cycles had lapsed since the time she was born to when the famed Greenlandic explorer Knud Rasmussen came to Igloolik in 1921? Closed Captioning and Described Video is available for many CBC shows offered on CBC Gem. Saa Pitsiulak, an Inuktitut language program officer for Nunavut's Department of Culture and Heritage, works to protect, promote and preserve Inuit languages. Most Inuit chose to be registered under their ancestors’ names. I know the u is pronounced as oo in the Inuktitut language. Find your family's origin in Canada, average life expectancy, most common occupation, and more. The Government established a platform for providing health and social services, including income support, that required names to be registered. Crowe was fluent in the Inuktut language and subsequently reported to the Department of Northern Affairs and Natural Resources his concerns on how formalized last names might affect the naming culture of deceased souls given to newborns. Peter Irniq, who also goes by Piita, is a former commissioner of Nunavut and a well-known guardian of Inuit culture and language. Find Perfect Inuit Names for your Baby Girl using SchoolMyKids baby name finder - Largest Inuit Baby names list. The Igloolik and Pond Inlet archives both house extraordinary missionary literature that have detailed pedigree charts useful for genealogy. When Okpik visited Irniq, he chose the name his mother had given him. Some marriages were arranged, but most were by choice. In total, it cost the five members of his family $795. The Inuit were also forced to wear their numbers around their necks like dog tags. "We were just coming out of the igloo, and the Canadian society, the Canadian system of governance, and things like that were very, very foreign to us. names missing pronunciations are excluded from results by default * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation. These Names are Modern as well as Unique. On his return, he and his kids come across a … Useful to genealogists are the names of families and individuals which Rasmussen recorded from across the North. Her name had been spelled Kitupana, but Millie, 56, eventually changed it to Q, as she said that is the proper way to pronounce it in Inuktitut. "Those are barriers that were imposed on us and very painful experiences, so … it is part of the healing journey to reclaim your identity and your traditions.". List of 44 A to Z Inuit Baby Boy names with meaning, origin, religion, astrology, numerology, … The Stark family, who leads the fictional Winterfell, has the animal as its sigil. ca. Northwest Territories councilor Abraham “Abe” Okpik, an Inuit leader, was hired to carry it out. From 1924 to 1968, the RCMP conducted patrols to monitor the general status of Inuit in traditional camps, and later the outpost camps attached to permanent settlements. Genealogy research requires the careful study of textual, visual, and audio records. "When I was born, Inuit, gee we were always very obedient of the newcomers like the Roman Catholic Church and the government, RCMP and Hudson's Bay Company," Irniq said. Inuit names don't always have meaning, though Kuliktana says some Inuit are given nicknames based on their personalities. Greenlanders (Greenlandic: kalaallit, Danish: Grønlændere) are people identified with the country of Greenland or the indigenous people, the Greenlandic Inuit (kalaallit, inughuit, tunumiit).This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. The whaler Captain George Comer sailed Cumberland Sound between 1875 and 1895; and, Hudson Bay from 1895 to 1912. In both of those jurisdictions, traditional Inuit place names were made official long ago. They usually lived in family groups of around 5-6 people. CBC North is doing a series on the history and significance of Inuit names. Genealogy in Nunavut can be completed by studying records that detail regional migration, including the federal re-settlement phase of the 1950s and 1960s. Additionally, ethnologists such as Franz Boas and Knud Rasmussen included gazetteers that provide rich descriptions of locations and what they were traditionally used for around the North. Aleuts are not considered Eskimo by linguists, nor by the U.S. Census Bureau. By the 1920s, there was a push by missionaries, fur trade employees and government officials to identify the Inuit in accordance with European norms and the patriarchal social model. Under the new system, some letters were eliminated; E was replaced with I; O was replaced by U, Irniq explained. It will help you to generate 1000's of cool Inuit Names which you can use in books, novels, games, or whatever fantasy world you want to use it. Inuit boys’ names . According to a 1970 Annual Report of the Commissioner of the Northwest Territories, provided in part to CBC by a spokesperson for the territorial government, the project's director, Abraham Okpik, visited every settlement where Inuit lived and interviewed each head of family about their wishes. Finding the perfect Canadian Inuit name for your dog can be a bit tricky if you are not familiar with the culture and the community of the Inuit in Canada. "In 2000 I came back to who I have always been ever since I was born.". She said the negative impact of federal schools and governments telling Inuit how to live their lives, assimilate and speak English, is still felt today. For most Greenlanders, many (or all) of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Greenlandic. Inuit names reflected what was important in their culture, including the environment, animals, family and spirits. From this project, genealogy of family members can be ascertained by an individual’s last name corroborated with historical records in which Inuit first names are found. Then each family would live and hunt together with 6-10 other families. Genealogy uncovers the way names used today were not used in the past. Traditionally, elders or parents named the children, often after blood relatives, revered leaders or hunters, or exceptional people. While Project Surname was taking place, the Inuit Cultural Institute, which no longer exists, was working on a new writing system for Inuit. But now, Inuit are taking that back. The Inuit Circumpolar Council prefers the term "Inuit" but … By the early 1960s, the identification of Inuit shifted from disc numbers to formalized surnames. Soon after, he said Nunavut's then-Justice minister Jack Anawak announced that Inuit would no longer have to pay to change their names or the spelling of their names as a result of Project Surname. In Nunavut, it is especially important to note that place names in records can have variant spellings, pronunciations and alternate between English and Inuktut names for the same location. Genealogical research must also include dates such as birth and marriage records that can be inaccurate. Various missionary, explorer, whaler, and trader literature contain information about Inuit as well. Inuit girls’ names . Project Surname was proposed by the Northwest Territories Council (now known as the Legislative Assembly) in the late 1960s as a way to move past the federal government's "E-number" system. Before the arrival of Europeans, the Inuithad a complex naming tradition. The Inuit soon lost their family names, too. By taking the Name of a Child for years that will develop their personality traits according to the Meaning for his/her Name, whether you are the Mother or Father of a New Cute Baby, We have collected the list of Modern Inuit Baby Names with their Meaning. Beginning in the 1930s, federal policies affected Inuit names. Inuit Name Generator is free online tool for generating Inuit Names randomly. These posts produced ledgers that recorded the sales of fur and the purchase of goods between Inuit and traders. Inupiaq, Yup'ik, Cupik, Siberian Yup'ik are the more accurate terms for these cultures. Igloolik family: Location: Western Baffin Island and Melville Peninsula: Caribou Inuit: Name: They were named Caribou since they almost completely rely on Caribou for food, shelter and clothing. Genealogy looks at various places to determine family histories. An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Inuit ancestors lived in harsh conditions. by Lawrence Kaplan. In your own genealogical research, you will need to rely on gazetteers, maps and atlases which illustrate the places you research. Family names had not been used among Inuit for time immemorial, Irniq said, until Project Surname. Aggeok The early foreign explorers to Nunavut all created detailed reports of their search of the Northwest Passage and whaling grounds. TheBabyNames provides a list of popular boy names and girl names in 2020 with name meanings, origins and religions. By the 1920s, there was a push by missionaries, fur trade employees and government officials to identify the Inuit in accordance with European norms and the patriarchal social model. Discover the meaning of the Inuit name on Ancestry®. From these workshops, Elders identified family genealogy as one of the project’s chief strategic action items for Nunavut to undertake. Some marriages were arranged, but most were by choice. I'm curious to find more information on my maiden name, which is Cacyuk, but pronounced Ca-chook. At Southampton Island, Comer came to know Niviatsinaq, a woman also known as Shoofly, as beaded on her famous amauti housed at the American Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC. "It was Project Surname that helped spell the last names of the people, because the Inuit didn't have a writing system of their own," she said. However, as it goes in life, everything can be learned, and expanding your horizons and learning about different cultures and peoples can only expand your mind and leave you a better person. Irniq said that because he is so well known, it was highly publicized when he changed the spelling of his name, and about 450 Inuit followed suit. The system, called roman orthography, is still used today. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. While a popular misconception is that the term "Eskimo" is simply an exonym for the Inuit people, there are many Native Alaskan tribes that speak dialects of the Eskimo language, including the Inuit, the Yupik, the Inupiat and the Alutiiq. Inuit Nunangat as a geographic and political space is largely unknown to most Canadians. He hired Kivalliq Inuit as whaling hands as well as tailors for caribou skin clothing and he recorded their names in the process. You can … Inuit Baby Names Eager to search a popular name for your baby while enjoying the triumph of being parents? "Inuit" is now the current term in Alaska and across the Arctic, and "Eskimo" is fading from use. Alaska Natives increasingly prefer to be known by the names they use in their own languages, such as Inupiaq or Yupik. At the start of the story, Lord Eddard Stark, aka Ned Stark, makes his way home. "So my name for a long period of time since I was born was Peter Ernerk or Erneck or E3-546.". "I'm a strong, strong believer in my own culture and I want to keep the name that was given to me by my mother.". Family: Family groups were the most important social unit in Inuit culture. The Anglican church, however, … ", Audience Relations, CBC P.O. Genealogists studying southern Canadians often study historical immigration records from foreign regions including Europe, the Middle East and Asia to determine family roots. The Department of Culture and Heritage has undertaken many projects and initiatives that aim to make archives, along with oral histories, accessible to the public so that Nunavummiut can research their own rich family histories, narratives that make up the diverse and interesting story of Nunavut. List of 44 A to Z Inuit Baby Boy names with meaning, origin, religion, astrology, numerology, Related Similar Names. My father's family is actually Russian, but I've been told before that my name sounds Inuit. Additional sources of records come from the RCMP. An Inuit family in 1942 in Kinngait (then Cape Dorset), Nunavut. Research in family’s locations include where people lived, worked, were born, married, died, came from, and went. Before 50 years ago, births, marriages, deaths and adoptions were not recorded consistently for Inuit by governmental and church institutions, or by the trading companies. Only the most basic personal information was collected from Inuit before 1940. As an example of record keeping prior to 1940, take Igloolik’s Zipporah Innuksuk, who lived from 1923 to 2008. His 10 volume journals were an account of ethnographic and archaeological data representing communities from Canada’s Eastern Arctic to Alaska, all by dog-team. This, he said, has served to assimilate Inuit. These baby name lists are organised alphabetically. List of 53 A to Z Inuit Baby Girl names with meaning, origin, religion, astrology, numerology, Related Similar Names. Kuliktana, who was a cultural consultant on the Inuuqatigiit Inuit curriculum in the 1990s, said Project Surname helped do away with the E-number discs. In 1999, Irniq changed his family's last name, getting rid of what he called the "old colonialistic" spelling, as well as the E-number, E3-546. In 1963, the Northern Service Officer Keith Crowe (1927-2010) produced the prototype Project Surname for Pangnirtung.
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