Revelation 1:20. that is, the seven stars which John saw in Christ's right hand, represent the angels, or pastors of the seven churches of Asia, and in them all the pastors and ministers of the churches in all the periods of time until Christ's second coming. Stars symbolize lordship (Nu 24:17; compare Da 12:3, of faithful teachers; Re 8:10; 12:4; Jude 13). They argue from Revelation 1:19, where John is bid to write not only what is, but what shall come to pass. â The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. Symbols of pre-eminence and authority. (14) That is, the thing which was mystical signified by the particulars of the vision before going. His voice as the sound of many waters, may represent the power of his word, to remove or to destroy. Here it may be observed, that the ministers of the Gospel are not only compared to "stars", for which see Gill on Revelation 1:16; but likewise to "angels", which signifies "messengers", as ministers are sent forth by Christ with the message of the Gospel to publish to the sons of men; and as the angels are Christ's ministering spirits, so are the preachers of the Gospel the ministers of Christ, that wait upon him and serve him in the ministry of the word, and in the administration of ordinances; and there is some agreement between them in holiness, knowledge, zeal, diligence, and watchfulness, in their work; as also they may be so called for the honour and esteem in which they are, both with Christ and his churches; and who like the angels rejoice at the conversion of sinners, and the enlargement of the interest of Christ: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches; represent the seven churches, of Asia, and in them all the churches of Christ, in successive ages, to the end of time; the reasons why these are signified by "candlesticks"; see Gill on Revelation 1:12; and that they are prophetic of the churches of Christ in the several periods of time, until he comes again, will appear from the following considerations: the whole book is called a prophecy, and a revelation of things that were shortly to come to pass, and it would be very strange, and very unsuitable to its title, should the three first chapters contain nothing prophetic in them; the characters of the divine Person under which these seven churches are saluted, as he which is, and was, and is to come, the Alpha and Omega, the first and the last, show that the things written to them belong to the Gospel church state, from the beginning to the end of it, for what other reason can be given for such a peculiar use of them? Clarke's Revelation 1:20 Bible Commentary The mystery - That is, the allegorical explanation of the seven stars is the seven angels or ministers of the Churches; and the allegorical meaning of the seven golden lamps is the seven Churches themselves. in—Greek, "upon My right hand. Before actually beginning the exposition of the message to Ephesus, it would be helpful to consider a few of the distinctive and common features that can be observed in each of the messages to the churches of Asia Minor as we find them in Revelation 2and 3. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. See on Matthew 13:11. And the apostle saw as though of the Lord Jesus Christ appeared in the midst of the golden candlesticks. By the advocates of Episcopacy, it has been argued that the use of this term proves that there was a presiding bishop over a circle or group of churches in Ephesus, in Smyrna, etc., since it is said that it cannot be supposed that there was but a single church in a city so large as Ephesus, or in the other cities mentioned. His office and authority; sovereign dominion in and over the invisible world, as the Judge of all, from whose sentence there is no appeal. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which you saw are the seven churches. (b) There is no evidence that there were any such groups of churches then as constitute an episcopal diocese. The term angel, designating an office, is, in accordance with the enigmatic symbolism of this book, transferred from the heavenly to the earthly superior ministers of Jehovah; reminding them that, like the heavenly angels above, they below should fulfil God's mission zealously, promptly and efficiently. What are the keys of death (Revelation 1:18)? California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. (b) The word is used of the ministry collectively; the whole board of officers, including both presbyters and deacons, who represented and were responsible for the moral condition of the churches. Mystery signifies the hidden truth, veiled under this symbol, and now revealed; its correlative is revelation. The angels, accordingly, if we are to understand by them single individuals, must be considered as forming the transition from the presbyters of the apostolic age to the Bishops of the second century" ("History of the Apostolic Church"). May we then obey his word, and give up ourselves wholly to him who directs all things aright.Barnes' Notes on the BibleThe mystery of the seven stars - On the word "mystery," see notes on Ephesians 1:9. Revelation 1 is the first chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. James R. Davis. His countenance was like the sun, when it shines clearly and powerfully; its strength too bright and dazzling for mortal eyes to behold. In order to ascertain the meaning of the word as used in this place, and in reference to these churches, it may be remarked:(1) That it cannot mean literally an angel, as referring to a heavenly being, for no one can suppose that such a being presided over these churches. In order to ascertain the meaning of the word as used in this place, and in reference to these churches, it may be remarked: (1) That it cannot mean literally an angel, as referring to a heavenly being, for no one can suppose that such a being presided over these churches. "the mystery … candlesticks—in apposition to, and explaining, "the things which thou hast seen," governed by "Write." The seven stars are - That is, they represent, or they denote - in accordance with a common usage in the Scriptures. The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. (14) That is, the thing which was mystical signified by the particulars of the vision before going. What is the Jezebel spirit? or that the pastors of those churches were the only ones Christ holds in his right hand? Haeres. Romans 1:18-20. To interpret the term of angels by nature, seems not agreeable to what we shall hereafter meet with said to some of them; Christ would never have ordered John to have charged them with a loss of their first love, or to admonish them to be faithful unto death, or to repent. Most likely, these messengers are the 7 key elders representing each of those churches.â They argue from the matter of the epistles.âLet the curious reader see more of this in the authors themselves, as also in Mr. Brightman. Revelation 1:1â20 Prologue. l. 2. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches; that is, they signify the angels of the seven churches. And his Divine nature; the First and the Last. See Numbers 24:17; Daniel 12:3. This verse beautifully illustrates the principle of literal interpretation: when symbols are used, their meaning is explained. 20 This is the meaning of the mystery of the seven stars you saw in my right hand and the seven gold lampstands: The seven stars are the angels * of the seven churches, and â¦ Even then, our study will be more âhigh altitudeâ than super-detailed. Salem Media Group. See Malachi 2:7, where the priest is called the messenger (angel) of the Lord; and Malachi 3:1, where the same word is used of the prophet. The evident meaning, however, is, that what was recorded should be directed to them, not as pertaining to them exclusively as individuals, but as presiding over or representing the churches, for what is recorded pertains to the churches, and was evidently designed to be laid before them. The clothing Jesus is wearing here is the attire of a high priest. It is the first day of the week, Sunday, which John calls the Lordâs day and John is seeing a vision. The expression in Revelation 1:16 is, that they were "in (ἐν en) his right hand"; but the language used here is not decisive as to the position of the stars. Revelation 1:1-20. Then, if a human angel be meant (as the Old Testament analogy favors, Hag 1:13, "the Lord's Messenger in the Lord's message"; Mal 2:7; 3:1), the bishop, or superintendent pastor, must be the angel. Stars symbolize lordship (Nu 24:17; compare Da 12:3, of faithful teachers; Re 8:10; 12:4; Jude 13).angels—not as Alford, from Origen [Homily 13 on Luke, and Homily 20 on Numbers], the guardian angels of the churches, just as individuals have their guardian angels. (9-11) His vision, in which he saw Christ appear. (a) The angels are Bishops; the word ἄγγελος sometimes occurring in that sense (as in Jerome and Socrates). There has been much diversity of opinion in regard to the meaning of the word "angels" here. 18 I am hee that liueth, and was dead: and behold, I am aliue for euermore, Amen, and haue the keyes of hell and of death. 4. They may have been held in some way by the hand, or represented as scattered on the open hand,The seven golden candlesticks - The truth which these emblematic representations are designed to convey.The seven stars are - That is, they represent, or they denote - in accordance with a common usage in the Scriptures. The term angel, designating an office, is, in accordance with the enigmatic symbolism of this book, transferred from the heavenly to the earthly superior ministers of Jehovah; reminding them that, like the heavenly angels above, they below should fulfil God's mission zealously, promptly and efficiently.