Attempts to unify the US economy (the American System) sparked debates. However, it was generally blamed on the National Bank. Suffrage was expanded, which led to the growth of political parties. People wanted a safe place to keep their savings of gold and silver coins, so they stored them in banks, which had strong vaults and other measures of security. However, knowing the order of events will help immensely with cause and effect. It also declared that a New World colony which has gained independence may not be recolonized by Europe (mainly the South American nations). Tariffs remained a source of contention throughout the late 1800s and early 1900s. De Tocqueville came from France to America in 1831. The War of 1812 (aka 'Second War for Independence' with the British) had ended in a stalemate but made Americans realize that they needed to become independent from Britain and the other countries of Europe, in a commercial and economic sense. 04 APUSH (11-17) (1800-1848) 10. Legislation developed infrastructure and transportation networks. In a dispute that originally centered on the ability of a state to grant a private company a monopoly on a waterway between NJ and NY, the Marshall court established the federal government's sole power over interstate commerce. The American System had three parts: Tariffs: A There was a dispute over whether the federal government should fund internal improvements, since it was not specifically given that power by the Constitution. ... Hello everyone, I have my apush exam on May, and we are studying individual chapters in my class so far, which I am studying. A new tariff proposed by Henry Clay and John Calhoun that gradually lowered the tariff to the level of the Tariff of 1816. This decision declared private corporation charters to be contracts and immune from impairment by states' legislative action. In the early 1800s, prominent Kentucky statesman Henry Clay proposed the American System— a plan designed to strengthen the economy of the United States. Southern cotton production increased and Northern manufacturing developed. Tariffs eventually spread to other imported goods like wool, hemp, and iron. Take a look at these questions before you review the key concepts & vocabulary below to get a sense of how you will be assessed. South Carolina had threatened to secede if the tariff was not revoked; Calhoun suggested state nullification as a more peaceful solution. Gender and family roles changed as more women worked in factories. Allowed Missouri to enter as a slave state but preserved the balance between North and South by carving free-soil Maine out of Massachusetts and prohibiting slavery from territories acquired in the Louisiana Purchase, north of the line 36° 30'. The Tariff of 1816 placed a high tax on English cotton cloth in an effort to protect the New England textile industry. Proposed after the War of 1812 by Henry clay, it included using federal money for internal improvements (road, bridges, industrial improvements, etc. Tariffs enforced for protection rather than revenue. The idea that government should do little to interfer with the free market. APUSH Chapter 10 Vocabulary spoils system: The Spoils System was the political tactic of employing and promoting civil servants who are the supporters and friends of the group in power to office. The charge made by Jacksonians in 1825 that Clay had supported John Quincy Adams (JQA) in the House presidential vote in return for the office of Secretary of State. 0 Sign In Sign Up for Free Sign Up ... Federalists and Republicans united on an economic program of internal improvements and protective tariffs. It passed Congress 105 to 94 but lost among Southern congressmen 50 to three.