Hardwoods > Apocynaceae > Alstonia > spectabilis Common Name(s): Hard milkwood, Scientific Name: (and A. macrophylla) Distribution: South and Southeast Asia, Pacific Islands, and northern Australia Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: lbs/ft3 ( kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): , Janka Hardness: lbf … Appearance: The contrast between its heartwood (often ranging from medium to coppery reddish brown) and its pale sapwood makes for a beautiful shiny appearance. It was a waste of beautiful lumber, but I was making tambour door breadboxes for Christmas gifts and used most of this just to make… Read more ». This may be your friend’s problem due to contact with his bending pipe. A question: Before applying grain filler + top coat, is there still any merit to rub in a few coats of danish oil? Sapele Overview. I made a dining table with a sapele top and finished the tabletop with three coats of boiled linseed oil on the top, bottom, and sides, and 10 coats of polyurethane on the top with 2 coats on the bottom and sides. It shattered the lower point of my RG shaped body. It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany -- also belonging to the Meliaceae family -- and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. Home Articles/FAQ's Hardwood Flooring 101: For Beginners Wood Charts: Density, Hardness, Stiffness and Strength Hardness Chart Hardness Chart Acacia 1,750 lbs Is there a better finish that would still be food safe, and do I need to sand it again? Please advise. That would depend on what you’re planning on using to topcoat/finish the wood with. darkens with age if nottreated with finishing oils that will prevent oxidation Janka Hardness: 1510. It sounds like the finish is the problem, and not necessarily the wood? I don’t think it glues well at all. You should look into hardwax-oil. Wondering if sapelle is compatible with radiant heat flooring? Besides the common ribbon pattern seen on quartersawn boards, Sapele is also known for a wide variety of  other figured grain patterns, such as: pommele, quilted, mottled, wavy, beeswing, and fiddleback. Whatt type of neck and so forth. We recently built a large wood sculpture using 4″ thick by 6″, 8″, 10″, and 12″ wide Sapele timbers. Red Oak is the reference species for comparing wood hardness. Dear all Medium woods, cedar, not oily, always stick very well. I have recently heard that the euro mills that kiln dry most of our U.S. wood only dry to 12% Has anyone heard of this being true, or should I expect to see 9-10% wood from my supplier? Tonally, I think it’s going to be more in line with ash. The Sapele Decking has a medium level of hardness with a rating of about 1510lbs. Interlocked grain produces beautiful ribbon pattern on quarter-sawn Sapele. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. "I have always been hesitant to buy lumber on-line. The timbers are standing on end and were glued and mechanically fastened in an interlocking pattern. What does it sound like. Chris you cal lay out the cabinet doors in brigght light (not direct sunlight though) and they probbley will even out. Traditionally used on timber flooring because of these properties, it is also an excellent furniture-grade finish and perfect for kitchen countertops. He is searching for ideas to salvage his work. you should apply it then with a clean rag wipe off the excess oil. The stain/varnish applied to your sapele may be blistering because it was never treated with a stripper prior to applying the stain. As soon as the timber leaves the kiln it would be exposed to an average air moisture content of above 18% so short of shrink wrapping it is going to absorb between the kiln and retailer/ wholesaler. Oh by the way tried to post an image if you upload too many images the max is one it won’t let you remove the extra image to allow for one. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. **This is the average hardness of the species (data based on NWFA). The next step was to rub in an 8-1 mix of amber lac shells and alcohol. Sapele is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. This test is also used to determine the degree of difficulty in sawing and nailing. It comes with an interlocking pattern wherein the fiber appears to twist as the tree grows. The hardness of the Sapele wood makes it better than the Mahogany but as noted earlier, there is not much difference in the sound due to this. vegetable oil works will however it has to be done properly otherwise the oil gets sticky and doesn’t work well. olyurethane (3 coats), which made the chairs slightly darker/richer than the table (grain filler + Polyurethane). The problem seems to be that the wood we have been receiving has been in the 11-13% range, not the 9-10% we believe to be a more correct range. X 87? DIMENSIONAL STABILITY: Moderate. Is the Sapele cracked or otherwise deformed? - Custom Orders Welcome: (877) 770-9663, "I have always been hesitant to buy lumber on-line. Price. First wood I had problem gluing. but not sure how it may turn out for Sapele. This combination resulted in a final finish remarkably beautiful and… Read more ». Wouldn’t come out. Has anyone ever used it for that purpose? It’s   sold both in lumber and veneer form. It is listed as vulnerable due to a population reduction of over 20% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation. RELATIVE ABUNDANCE: The species is reported to be relatively secure within parts of its range but it is known to be vulnerable in Cameroon and the Ivory Coast. It will also react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discolored and stained. Sapele is variable in grain and colour select to suit job in hand, I was purchasing QS boards and found one in the racks that was a different that all the others. What’s the best wasy to stain or dye sapele to a dark mahogany color. Sapele: Janka Hardness 1,410 lbf (6,280 N) The hardest of the three options. It will also react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discolored and stained. It is a great alternative to Mahogany. Sapele wood for sale is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. No staining, but I’m sure you could use a mahogany wipe on type finish, or a mahogany stain followed by several coatings of Tung oil, or Danish oil, or whatever you prefer. I had a 1.5 inch board that had forklift contact stains that went almost all the way to the other side of the board. Sapele is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. Before setting the piece in it’s permanent outdoor location, three coats of tung oil (Waterlox Marine Sealer) were applied. After sanding down, the bare sapele looks quite porous, so seems to me a good idea to use grain filler to fill the pores before applying top finish. No; they’re just racking up the bill on you. Many of the joints have opened up considerably, along with some checking and splitting on the timbers. It’s very close to a pommele but maybe not perfect enough to be sold as such (which this lumber yard doesn’t sell anyway). Your advice is much appreciated. Sapele may be dried at the sawmill, but it is not uncommon to bring the wet wood to the U.S. for drying. I am having a guitar made with Waterfall Sapele Hi there, could you tell me what is the best way to presenve and revive sapele wood on the exterior of my house? I’m making one with Sapele. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. The higher the number, the harder the wood is.This should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, furniture, cabinetry, flooring, boatbuilding, musical instruments, turned objects, and other small wooden specialty items. Is a wood that with such a beautiful grain the right choice for window framing that will just be covered up? ), resulting in tearout due to its interlocked grain. I took Eric’s advice and applied grain filler before polyurethane, 3 coats each side so far and probably a few more to finish the table. It’s harder than both Honduran and African Mahogany. The wood also benefits from a distinctive red-brown colour that darkens as it matures and ages. COMMENTS Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a golden to dark reddish brown. Gives a great finish and mellow tone, but I’ve found some of the harder woods like to try and crack anyway if I don’t do a multi dip process.… Read more », Can we use this SAPELLI WOOD [Entandrophragma cylindricum] for Doors and Window Frames ? It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany — also belonging to the Meliaceae family — and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. I had to repair with epoxy and Sapele shavings. If I remember correctly, danish oil is linseed-based, so I think it may serve to accelerate the patina of the wood a bit if that’s something you would want. I knew it was going to be absolutely beautiful. Much harder than African Mahogany and red oak. It dries rapidly, but the interlocked grain results in a strong tendency to warp. Horizontal installations are another phenomena. There are exceptions but these tend to be specialised users. OVER 100 SPECIES OF EXOTIC WOOD! Looks great. I love Sapele but it’s a typical mahogany and I don’t think it’ll hold up like Ash or hard Maple that bats are traditionally used and now currently used. Sapele is an exotic wood from West, Central, and Eastern Africa. Because of that, the term for this unit of measure is pound-force. sapele LATIN NAME: Entandrophragma cylindricum OTHER COMMON NAMES: sapell. I am still working on the table top. I’m just adding a couple of coats this winter and look to use if in the far future. this is a BEAUTIFUL wood! Sapele's propensity to exhibit such a diversity of figure types makes it a valuable source of decorative veneer. How to match color or fill nail holes veneer while polishing work. Grain is straight to interlocked. From my experience, both methods can finish Sapele with super smooth surface and stood up so far for the heavy use in the kitchen, but oil+polyurethane is easier to apply. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. My contractor sanded it well before I started applying the wax, but it doesn’t seem smooth any more. This Janka hardness makes it harder compared to the domestic species in North America. Sapele is in the same family as mahogany. Has anyone had experience with such? Alibaba.com offers 228 sapele wood hardness products. The first couple of coats were done using pumice stone powder to help smooth and fill with olive oil as lubricant. A better option is wood die rather than stain – it produces a more even color. I’m trying to get into more exotic type woods, like this African Sapele, over my standard maples and oaks. It reflects the force in pounds required to push a small steel ball into the wood. The Joinery company I’m using has selected Sapele for the job. They charged the same as the QS because they had no other category. Can send photograph. It’s a wood stabilizer and protects against UV. I have patio doors and others doors made of sapele and they have gone horrible and whatever was put on them to treat them has gone all blistery. Workability: Sapele can be troublesome to work in some machining  operations, (i.e., planing, routing, etc. X 5/4. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Workability: Sapele can be troublesome to work in some machining operations, (i.e., planing, routing, etc. I had sapele countertops installed a few months ago. Can I use this in the vegetable garden to make trellises and tuteurs without worry of toxins? Its so natural and STUNNING!!! Sapele finishes and glues very well but can become discolored and stained if it's in direct contact with iron. P.S. I have been making coat racks/hooks from some sapele shelves that were being thrown out. ), resulting in tearout due to its interlocked grain. Comments: Sapele is a commonly exported and economically important African wood species. By a very competent luthier. Polyurethane is. On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. I second the Tung Oil. Just my thoughts. I operate a retail building supply and special ordered six sheets of 3/4″ sapele plywood for a home owner. Foodsafe, doesn’t yellow and impervious to water, acids (coca cola, wine, etc) and heat once it’s cured. Sapele is 4% harder than hard Maple and 11% harder than White Oak. Juts did 8 coats on a plank of Sapele. However, any of these three oils would have looked great. Sapele is a sub-species of Mahogany and according to the Janka hardness scale Sapele is around 1500 whereas African Mahogany is much lower. *The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a 0.444 inch steel ball into wood. Sapele has a slight blunting effect on cutters, but it turns, glues, and finishes well. I finished 4 kitchen chairs with boiled linseed oil + oil-based polyurethane (3 coats), which made the chairs slightly darker/richer than the table (grain filler + Polyurethane). (I have five 1’x6″x24″ blanks of the stuff) However, I use all natural beeswax to seal my completed products by heating it (and the wood to reduce warping or splitting) and boiling the instrument in the wax. Most british kilns will not dry below 12% because it would be pointless. LATIN: ENTANDROPHRAGMA CYLINDRICUM ORIGIN: AFRICA. I just made a cutting board with some sapele offcut I got for free! someone knows if sapele can make a good bow? Please help me out with this, We use it often for doors, door frames, mouldings. I will… Read more », Dear, Is there any one who can send me photos of Pomelle Sapele/Quilted sapele logs …how its look like …only quilted sapeli logs photos…….I am awaiting for may be some ones kind can reply soon …thanks.thanks. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) … Is this normal for sapele? If it were me, I would apply a grain filler to the wood before final finishing, especially for a table top, but that’s just my aesthetic preference. https://thompsonmahogany.com/african-mahogany-vs-sapele-vs-utile/, What’s the best wasy to stain or dye sapele to a dark mahogany color. Sapele is a widely used and popular redwood, similar to mahogany, with a deep, rich finish suited to furniture projects, conservatories and much more. Didn’t expect it to require so much maintenance. I compared boiled linseed oil to danish oil and pure tung oil on some smaller pieces of sapele before choosing boiled linseed oil. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. We put together this write up comparing Sapele vs African Mahogany vs Utile if that might be helpful. Some of their other products have not been as advertised, but I put this product on the soles and the bunk faces and bulkheads and after a couple hundred days of use have been very impressed. To his horror he discovered a shadowed outline of the shape of each panel that covered the next. It is also a good indicator of how hard or easy a species is to saw or nail. INTERESTING FACTS: Sapele is a large rain forest tree from Africa. I work with Sapele almost daily in a custom door manufacturing plant. It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany -- also belonging to the Meliaceae family -- and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. I would expect you have to resend it before you apply another finish they may not stick to the wax. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … The name sapele comes from that of the city of Sapele in Nigeria, where there is a preponderance of the tree.African Timber and Plywood (AT&P), a division of the United Africa Company, had a factory at this location where the wood, along with Triplochiton scleroxylon, Obeche, mahogany, and Khaya was processed into timber which was then exported from the Port of Sapele worldwide. It’s much harder. About 3% of these are plywoods. It is almost two times harder compared to the Genuine Mahogany. It brings out the wonderful glow of sapele as well. This seems like it would be a perfect wood for a baseball bat. How did it come out? Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Sapele has been reported as a skin and respiratory irritant. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. The next and final coats were rubbed in using rotten stone powder and olive oil. Sapele wood is easily available and is grown in abundance while Mahogany is not readily accessible. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. The Janka hardness rating measures wood to rate its suitability for flooring. Sapele is characterised by its heavy strength and durability, interlocked grain and natural lustre. Any advice is helpful. USES: Sapele is a type of African Mahogany used for boats, fine furniture, and cabinetry. You will not be disappointed. This strips the tannins from the wood, opening up the surface to fully accept a stain. I am think of a few coats of danish oil, then finishing off with solvent-based polyurethane. I absolutely love it to sawdust and use it for all my decorative pieces. The wood is light to deep reddish brown. They will be painted. Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. The first coat was a 4-1 mix of dried amber lac shells and alcohol which helped to seal and close the pores. Has been used for quite some time in this regard in Europe but is only just starting to catch on here in Australia.… Read more ». We’ve used Sapele for our custom doors since we can’t get the quality of mahogany from the good old days. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; reddish brown deposits occasionally present; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, unilateral, and marginal; rays narrow to medium, spacing normal; ripple marks present. Plain Sawn Sapele … https://www.dalyspaint.com/store/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=12, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). I would appreciate your advise, I’ve installed bunks on a 135 foot schooner made of sapele and have used Daly’s FloorFin and it has held up very well. These are all produced by deviations from the normal grain pattern of the wood. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Sapele has a slight blunting effect on cutters, but it turns, glues, and finishes well. In UK (where I live), the closest match I could get was mahogany grain filler, so the wood turns a bit reddish, but feels… Read more ». I am just about to make a kitchen dinning table with Sapele. The two main types are Plain Sawn and Quarter Sawn. As mentioned on this site, Sapele stains when in contact with iron. I built this elliptical shaped end table from Sapele wood…then put a French polish on it. The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. Add another coat of oil and rub with wool again. Sapele has a medium to coarse texture. Then I repeated this process with the polyurethane,… Read more », Hats off to your patience and love to the wood and table you are making. A wide variety of sapele wood hardness options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. The Janka hardness test measures the lb/in2 required to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. The major difference between Sapele and Mahogany is the price. Odor: Sapele has a distinct, cedar-like scent while being worked. Botanical Name: Entandrophragma cylindricum Janka Hardness: 1510 – 75% harder than Genuine Mahogany. I was told Sapele is very photo sensitive. I’m interested how yours turned out? Scientific Name: Entandrophragma cylindricum, Tree Size: 100-150 ft (30-45 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (670 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .50, .67, Modulus of Rupture: 15,930 lbf/in2 (109.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,746,000 lbf/in2 (12.04 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,750 lbf/in2 (60.4 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 12.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Like Mahogany, Sapele is used as both a top wood and a back/sides wood. Grades of Sapele Flooring: Almost all Sapele flooring is Clear grade that is chosen for its dark reddish orange color. Sapele flooring has characteristics of the Sapele tree. From my experience, both methods can finish Sapele with super smooth surface and stood up so far for the heavy use in the kitchen, but oil+polyurethane is easier to apply. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. Ebony measures 3,220 on the Janka scale; balsa wood measures 100. We ship our work all over the U.S. so moisture content is always an issue. It can be a difficult wood to work with, but finishes well. Color tends to darken with age. I work at a lumberyard in NJ and I sell a lot of sapele. There is a lot of info on Odies oil and the owners are the nicest people. Ripping Ash, H Maple and Sapele on the table saw are very much different. Hard for me to imagine a finish that is not food safe ONCE IT HAS CURED. Sikkens Cetol 1,23 system or Cetol Door & Window is what I’d recommend for finishing Sapele. Should I be worried about cracking? Also, it’s hard to keep crumb free, as the finish is not really smooth. Question from a friend; when steam bending Sapele for the sides of a 3/4 guitar it seemed to develope blackish purple mold spots. It is occasionally used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany, and is sometimes referred to as “Sapele Mahogany.” Technically, the two genera that are commonly associated with mahogany are Swietenia and Khaya, while Sapele is in the Entandrophragma genus, but all three are included in the broader Meliaceae family, so comparisons to true mahogany may not be too far fetched. https://www.dalyspaint.com/store/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=12. Now I am happy to have you as a resource for my f ..." - Robert (Read More), 200 E. Hematite Dr. | Ishpeming, MI 49849 | 877-770-9663 | 0.0189 | 127.1.1421. Mourning Dove Eggs, Cardamom In Coffee, Resume For A Job At Mcdonald's, Lowe's Carpet Installation Cost, Drupal Cms Pricing, " /> Hardwoods > Apocynaceae > Alstonia > spectabilis Common Name(s): Hard milkwood, Scientific Name: (and A. macrophylla) Distribution: South and Southeast Asia, Pacific Islands, and northern Australia Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: lbs/ft3 ( kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): , Janka Hardness: lbf … Appearance: The contrast between its heartwood (often ranging from medium to coppery reddish brown) and its pale sapwood makes for a beautiful shiny appearance. It was a waste of beautiful lumber, but I was making tambour door breadboxes for Christmas gifts and used most of this just to make… Read more ». This may be your friend’s problem due to contact with his bending pipe. A question: Before applying grain filler + top coat, is there still any merit to rub in a few coats of danish oil? Sapele Overview. I made a dining table with a sapele top and finished the tabletop with three coats of boiled linseed oil on the top, bottom, and sides, and 10 coats of polyurethane on the top with 2 coats on the bottom and sides. It shattered the lower point of my RG shaped body. It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany -- also belonging to the Meliaceae family -- and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. Home Articles/FAQ's Hardwood Flooring 101: For Beginners Wood Charts: Density, Hardness, Stiffness and Strength Hardness Chart Hardness Chart Acacia 1,750 lbs Is there a better finish that would still be food safe, and do I need to sand it again? Please advise. That would depend on what you’re planning on using to topcoat/finish the wood with. darkens with age if nottreated with finishing oils that will prevent oxidation Janka Hardness: 1510. It sounds like the finish is the problem, and not necessarily the wood? I don’t think it glues well at all. You should look into hardwax-oil. Wondering if sapelle is compatible with radiant heat flooring? Besides the common ribbon pattern seen on quartersawn boards, Sapele is also known for a wide variety of  other figured grain patterns, such as: pommele, quilted, mottled, wavy, beeswing, and fiddleback. Whatt type of neck and so forth. We recently built a large wood sculpture using 4″ thick by 6″, 8″, 10″, and 12″ wide Sapele timbers. Red Oak is the reference species for comparing wood hardness. Dear all Medium woods, cedar, not oily, always stick very well. I have recently heard that the euro mills that kiln dry most of our U.S. wood only dry to 12% Has anyone heard of this being true, or should I expect to see 9-10% wood from my supplier? Tonally, I think it’s going to be more in line with ash. The Sapele Decking has a medium level of hardness with a rating of about 1510lbs. Interlocked grain produces beautiful ribbon pattern on quarter-sawn Sapele. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. "I have always been hesitant to buy lumber on-line. The timbers are standing on end and were glued and mechanically fastened in an interlocking pattern. What does it sound like. Chris you cal lay out the cabinet doors in brigght light (not direct sunlight though) and they probbley will even out. Traditionally used on timber flooring because of these properties, it is also an excellent furniture-grade finish and perfect for kitchen countertops. He is searching for ideas to salvage his work. you should apply it then with a clean rag wipe off the excess oil. The stain/varnish applied to your sapele may be blistering because it was never treated with a stripper prior to applying the stain. As soon as the timber leaves the kiln it would be exposed to an average air moisture content of above 18% so short of shrink wrapping it is going to absorb between the kiln and retailer/ wholesaler. Oh by the way tried to post an image if you upload too many images the max is one it won’t let you remove the extra image to allow for one. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. **This is the average hardness of the species (data based on NWFA). The next step was to rub in an 8-1 mix of amber lac shells and alcohol. Sapele is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. This test is also used to determine the degree of difficulty in sawing and nailing. It comes with an interlocking pattern wherein the fiber appears to twist as the tree grows. The hardness of the Sapele wood makes it better than the Mahogany but as noted earlier, there is not much difference in the sound due to this. vegetable oil works will however it has to be done properly otherwise the oil gets sticky and doesn’t work well. olyurethane (3 coats), which made the chairs slightly darker/richer than the table (grain filler + Polyurethane). The problem seems to be that the wood we have been receiving has been in the 11-13% range, not the 9-10% we believe to be a more correct range. X 87? DIMENSIONAL STABILITY: Moderate. Is the Sapele cracked or otherwise deformed? - Custom Orders Welcome: (877) 770-9663, "I have always been hesitant to buy lumber on-line. Price. First wood I had problem gluing. but not sure how it may turn out for Sapele. This combination resulted in a final finish remarkably beautiful and… Read more ». Wouldn’t come out. Has anyone ever used it for that purpose? It’s   sold both in lumber and veneer form. It is listed as vulnerable due to a population reduction of over 20% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation. RELATIVE ABUNDANCE: The species is reported to be relatively secure within parts of its range but it is known to be vulnerable in Cameroon and the Ivory Coast. It will also react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discolored and stained. Sapele is variable in grain and colour select to suit job in hand, I was purchasing QS boards and found one in the racks that was a different that all the others. What’s the best wasy to stain or dye sapele to a dark mahogany color. Sapele: Janka Hardness 1,410 lbf (6,280 N) The hardest of the three options. It will also react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discolored and stained. It is a great alternative to Mahogany. Sapele wood for sale is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. No staining, but I’m sure you could use a mahogany wipe on type finish, or a mahogany stain followed by several coatings of Tung oil, or Danish oil, or whatever you prefer. I had a 1.5 inch board that had forklift contact stains that went almost all the way to the other side of the board. Sapele is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. Before setting the piece in it’s permanent outdoor location, three coats of tung oil (Waterlox Marine Sealer) were applied. After sanding down, the bare sapele looks quite porous, so seems to me a good idea to use grain filler to fill the pores before applying top finish. No; they’re just racking up the bill on you. Many of the joints have opened up considerably, along with some checking and splitting on the timbers. It’s very close to a pommele but maybe not perfect enough to be sold as such (which this lumber yard doesn’t sell anyway). Your advice is much appreciated. Sapele may be dried at the sawmill, but it is not uncommon to bring the wet wood to the U.S. for drying. I am having a guitar made with Waterfall Sapele Hi there, could you tell me what is the best way to presenve and revive sapele wood on the exterior of my house? I’m making one with Sapele. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. The higher the number, the harder the wood is.This should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, furniture, cabinetry, flooring, boatbuilding, musical instruments, turned objects, and other small wooden specialty items. Is a wood that with such a beautiful grain the right choice for window framing that will just be covered up? ), resulting in tearout due to its interlocked grain. I took Eric’s advice and applied grain filler before polyurethane, 3 coats each side so far and probably a few more to finish the table. It’s harder than both Honduran and African Mahogany. The wood also benefits from a distinctive red-brown colour that darkens as it matures and ages. COMMENTS Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a golden to dark reddish brown. Gives a great finish and mellow tone, but I’ve found some of the harder woods like to try and crack anyway if I don’t do a multi dip process.… Read more », Can we use this SAPELLI WOOD [Entandrophragma cylindricum] for Doors and Window Frames ? It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany — also belonging to the Meliaceae family — and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. I had to repair with epoxy and Sapele shavings. If I remember correctly, danish oil is linseed-based, so I think it may serve to accelerate the patina of the wood a bit if that’s something you would want. I knew it was going to be absolutely beautiful. Much harder than African Mahogany and red oak. It dries rapidly, but the interlocked grain results in a strong tendency to warp. Horizontal installations are another phenomena. There are exceptions but these tend to be specialised users. OVER 100 SPECIES OF EXOTIC WOOD! Looks great. I love Sapele but it’s a typical mahogany and I don’t think it’ll hold up like Ash or hard Maple that bats are traditionally used and now currently used. Sapele is an exotic wood from West, Central, and Eastern Africa. Because of that, the term for this unit of measure is pound-force. sapele LATIN NAME: Entandrophragma cylindricum OTHER COMMON NAMES: sapell. I am still working on the table top. I’m just adding a couple of coats this winter and look to use if in the far future. this is a BEAUTIFUL wood! Sapele's propensity to exhibit such a diversity of figure types makes it a valuable source of decorative veneer. How to match color or fill nail holes veneer while polishing work. Grain is straight to interlocked. From my experience, both methods can finish Sapele with super smooth surface and stood up so far for the heavy use in the kitchen, but oil+polyurethane is easier to apply. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. My contractor sanded it well before I started applying the wax, but it doesn’t seem smooth any more. This Janka hardness makes it harder compared to the domestic species in North America. Sapele is in the same family as mahogany. Has anyone had experience with such? Alibaba.com offers 228 sapele wood hardness products. The first couple of coats were done using pumice stone powder to help smooth and fill with olive oil as lubricant. A better option is wood die rather than stain – it produces a more even color. I’m trying to get into more exotic type woods, like this African Sapele, over my standard maples and oaks. It reflects the force in pounds required to push a small steel ball into the wood. The Joinery company I’m using has selected Sapele for the job. They charged the same as the QS because they had no other category. Can send photograph. It’s a wood stabilizer and protects against UV. I have patio doors and others doors made of sapele and they have gone horrible and whatever was put on them to treat them has gone all blistery. Workability: Sapele can be troublesome to work in some machining  operations, (i.e., planing, routing, etc. X 5/4. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Workability: Sapele can be troublesome to work in some machining operations, (i.e., planing, routing, etc. I had sapele countertops installed a few months ago. Can I use this in the vegetable garden to make trellises and tuteurs without worry of toxins? Its so natural and STUNNING!!! Sapele finishes and glues very well but can become discolored and stained if it's in direct contact with iron. P.S. I have been making coat racks/hooks from some sapele shelves that were being thrown out. ), resulting in tearout due to its interlocked grain. Comments: Sapele is a commonly exported and economically important African wood species. By a very competent luthier. Polyurethane is. On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. I second the Tung Oil. Just my thoughts. I operate a retail building supply and special ordered six sheets of 3/4″ sapele plywood for a home owner. Foodsafe, doesn’t yellow and impervious to water, acids (coca cola, wine, etc) and heat once it’s cured. Sapele is 4% harder than hard Maple and 11% harder than White Oak. Juts did 8 coats on a plank of Sapele. However, any of these three oils would have looked great. Sapele is a sub-species of Mahogany and according to the Janka hardness scale Sapele is around 1500 whereas African Mahogany is much lower. *The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a 0.444 inch steel ball into wood. Sapele has a slight blunting effect on cutters, but it turns, glues, and finishes well. I finished 4 kitchen chairs with boiled linseed oil + oil-based polyurethane (3 coats), which made the chairs slightly darker/richer than the table (grain filler + Polyurethane). (I have five 1’x6″x24″ blanks of the stuff) However, I use all natural beeswax to seal my completed products by heating it (and the wood to reduce warping or splitting) and boiling the instrument in the wax. Most british kilns will not dry below 12% because it would be pointless. LATIN: ENTANDROPHRAGMA CYLINDRICUM ORIGIN: AFRICA. I just made a cutting board with some sapele offcut I got for free! someone knows if sapele can make a good bow? Please help me out with this, We use it often for doors, door frames, mouldings. I will… Read more », Dear, Is there any one who can send me photos of Pomelle Sapele/Quilted sapele logs …how its look like …only quilted sapeli logs photos…….I am awaiting for may be some ones kind can reply soon …thanks.thanks. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) … Is this normal for sapele? If it were me, I would apply a grain filler to the wood before final finishing, especially for a table top, but that’s just my aesthetic preference. https://thompsonmahogany.com/african-mahogany-vs-sapele-vs-utile/, What’s the best wasy to stain or dye sapele to a dark mahogany color. Sapele is a widely used and popular redwood, similar to mahogany, with a deep, rich finish suited to furniture projects, conservatories and much more. Didn’t expect it to require so much maintenance. I compared boiled linseed oil to danish oil and pure tung oil on some smaller pieces of sapele before choosing boiled linseed oil. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. We put together this write up comparing Sapele vs African Mahogany vs Utile if that might be helpful. Some of their other products have not been as advertised, but I put this product on the soles and the bunk faces and bulkheads and after a couple hundred days of use have been very impressed. To his horror he discovered a shadowed outline of the shape of each panel that covered the next. It is also a good indicator of how hard or easy a species is to saw or nail. INTERESTING FACTS: Sapele is a large rain forest tree from Africa. I work with Sapele almost daily in a custom door manufacturing plant. It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany -- also belonging to the Meliaceae family -- and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. I would expect you have to resend it before you apply another finish they may not stick to the wax. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … The name sapele comes from that of the city of Sapele in Nigeria, where there is a preponderance of the tree.African Timber and Plywood (AT&P), a division of the United Africa Company, had a factory at this location where the wood, along with Triplochiton scleroxylon, Obeche, mahogany, and Khaya was processed into timber which was then exported from the Port of Sapele worldwide. It’s much harder. About 3% of these are plywoods. It is almost two times harder compared to the Genuine Mahogany. It brings out the wonderful glow of sapele as well. This seems like it would be a perfect wood for a baseball bat. How did it come out? Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Sapele has been reported as a skin and respiratory irritant. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. The next and final coats were rubbed in using rotten stone powder and olive oil. Sapele wood is easily available and is grown in abundance while Mahogany is not readily accessible. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. The Janka hardness rating measures wood to rate its suitability for flooring. Sapele is characterised by its heavy strength and durability, interlocked grain and natural lustre. Any advice is helpful. USES: Sapele is a type of African Mahogany used for boats, fine furniture, and cabinetry. You will not be disappointed. This strips the tannins from the wood, opening up the surface to fully accept a stain. I am think of a few coats of danish oil, then finishing off with solvent-based polyurethane. I absolutely love it to sawdust and use it for all my decorative pieces. The wood is light to deep reddish brown. They will be painted. Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. The first coat was a 4-1 mix of dried amber lac shells and alcohol which helped to seal and close the pores. Has been used for quite some time in this regard in Europe but is only just starting to catch on here in Australia.… Read more ». We’ve used Sapele for our custom doors since we can’t get the quality of mahogany from the good old days. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; reddish brown deposits occasionally present; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, unilateral, and marginal; rays narrow to medium, spacing normal; ripple marks present. Plain Sawn Sapele … https://www.dalyspaint.com/store/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=12, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). I would appreciate your advise, I’ve installed bunks on a 135 foot schooner made of sapele and have used Daly’s FloorFin and it has held up very well. These are all produced by deviations from the normal grain pattern of the wood. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Sapele has a slight blunting effect on cutters, but it turns, glues, and finishes well. In UK (where I live), the closest match I could get was mahogany grain filler, so the wood turns a bit reddish, but feels… Read more ». I am just about to make a kitchen dinning table with Sapele. The two main types are Plain Sawn and Quarter Sawn. As mentioned on this site, Sapele stains when in contact with iron. I built this elliptical shaped end table from Sapele wood…then put a French polish on it. The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. Add another coat of oil and rub with wool again. Sapele has a medium to coarse texture. Then I repeated this process with the polyurethane,… Read more », Hats off to your patience and love to the wood and table you are making. A wide variety of sapele wood hardness options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. The Janka hardness test measures the lb/in2 required to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. The major difference between Sapele and Mahogany is the price. Odor: Sapele has a distinct, cedar-like scent while being worked. Botanical Name: Entandrophragma cylindricum Janka Hardness: 1510 – 75% harder than Genuine Mahogany. I was told Sapele is very photo sensitive. I’m interested how yours turned out? Scientific Name: Entandrophragma cylindricum, Tree Size: 100-150 ft (30-45 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (670 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .50, .67, Modulus of Rupture: 15,930 lbf/in2 (109.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,746,000 lbf/in2 (12.04 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,750 lbf/in2 (60.4 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 12.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Like Mahogany, Sapele is used as both a top wood and a back/sides wood. Grades of Sapele Flooring: Almost all Sapele flooring is Clear grade that is chosen for its dark reddish orange color. Sapele flooring has characteristics of the Sapele tree. From my experience, both methods can finish Sapele with super smooth surface and stood up so far for the heavy use in the kitchen, but oil+polyurethane is easier to apply. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. Ebony measures 3,220 on the Janka scale; balsa wood measures 100. We ship our work all over the U.S. so moisture content is always an issue. It can be a difficult wood to work with, but finishes well. Color tends to darken with age. I work at a lumberyard in NJ and I sell a lot of sapele. There is a lot of info on Odies oil and the owners are the nicest people. Ripping Ash, H Maple and Sapele on the table saw are very much different. Hard for me to imagine a finish that is not food safe ONCE IT HAS CURED. Sikkens Cetol 1,23 system or Cetol Door & Window is what I’d recommend for finishing Sapele. Should I be worried about cracking? Also, it’s hard to keep crumb free, as the finish is not really smooth. Question from a friend; when steam bending Sapele for the sides of a 3/4 guitar it seemed to develope blackish purple mold spots. It is occasionally used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany, and is sometimes referred to as “Sapele Mahogany.” Technically, the two genera that are commonly associated with mahogany are Swietenia and Khaya, while Sapele is in the Entandrophragma genus, but all three are included in the broader Meliaceae family, so comparisons to true mahogany may not be too far fetched. https://www.dalyspaint.com/store/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=12. Now I am happy to have you as a resource for my f ..." - Robert (Read More), 200 E. Hematite Dr. | Ishpeming, MI 49849 | 877-770-9663 | 0.0189 | 127.1.1421. Mourning Dove Eggs, Cardamom In Coffee, Resume For A Job At Mcdonald's, Lowe's Carpet Installation Cost, Drupal Cms Pricing, " />
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I read an article saying that Sapele was a dead ringer for Mahogany. They may darken some but should even out in color. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular domestic or exotic wood species. Mine is in it’s finishing stages. Most joinery in Britain will be done around 14%. If it is just the finish, I’d recommend stripping off the old finish, sanding it down to bare wood, and then refinishing it with several coats of a spar urethane for good protection from the elements. I would love to keep the finish food safe, but the three or four coats of beeswax I applied is faded and getting dull. Will the movement persist and the gaps in joints… Read more », Hello, I’m a small business owner and I machine out solid wood wind type instruments. Would appreciate any advice on the suitable finish. For approximately two weeks the uninstalled panels were stacked with small sizes on top of larger in a room about twenty feet from the nearest window. Pretty much any finish is going to be food-safe. The piece was then sculpted. Vertically it is not too problematic to keep a finish on. Is his bending pipe dirty? Sapele wood is of medium hardness with a Janka rating of 1510 lbs making is harder than most domestic North American Species and almost twice as hard as Genuine Mahogany. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? He carefully cut and banded his sheets to acheive a sequence pattern for his kitchen cabinet doors. I’ve just made some pieces out of Sapele and after about 7 coatings of Tung oil, the finish is so deep and luxurious, very reminiscent of mahogany. Janka Hardness Value: 1510. Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. Pricing/Availability: Should be moderately priced for regular  plainsawn or quartersawn lumber, though figured lumber and veneer can be extremely expensive, particularly pommele or quilted Sapele. Also like Mahogany, Sapele is a popular wood for guitar necks. I am For people comparing the different options. The piece has been outdoors on display not quite three months as of this writing. Janka Hardness: 1510 Sapele is about four percent harder than hard maple, roughly eleven percent harder than white oak, about fifty-one percent harder than teak, close to four percent harder than sugar maple, twenty-one percent softer than jarrah, and about twenty-two percent as hard as santos mahogany’s ranking of 2200. The oil-stained table looks blotchy and cheap, different dark spots move depending on a viewing angle. I think it is the “hardeners” that are dangerous. Any feed back would be helpful. JANKA HARDNESS: 1510 – 16% harder than Northern Red Oak. Large door panel 40″ X 87″ X 5/4. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. I applied the oil to the bottom first, then turned the tabletop over and coated the top. Pain in the butt to stain due to grain going in every direction and density variation in the same piece. The commercially important wood is reminiscent of mahogany, a member of the same family, with a distinctive figure, typically applied where figure … I've always used a grain filler on my African Mahogany projects but the grain on the Sapele that I currently working with is … Working with a beautiful wood like Sapele will yield amazing pieces, but it does have a blunting effect on blades and drill bits. I just feel like it’s too soft. Sapele also produces a large number of dramatic figure types such as pommele, quilted and mottled. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Odies Oil, plant based, non toxic, food safe, resists water and stains. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked, and sometimes wavy. I had some problems routing the outline. My friend used a Sapele log to make a table with a piece of toughened glass on it. Now I am happy to have you as a resource for my f ..." - Robert (more). It’s not. The effect is amazing and certainly resembles rich dark mahogany. It was a 14-¼” x 109″ 4/4 S3S at $5.10 bf. Large door panel 40? Some consider it as a utility substitute for mahogany due to the fact that it belongs to the same Meliaceae family. It is similar to freijó, a medium density wood, whose resistance is exceptional, in addition to its beauty. Rot Resistance: Heartwood ranges from moderately durable to very durable in regard to decay resistance. Moderate insect/borer resistance. Usually pronounced (sah-PELL-ey) or (sah-PEEL-ey). Utile: Janka Hardness 1,180 lbf (5,260 N) For a frame of reference White Oak is 1,350 lb f (5,990 N) while Eastern White Pine has a Hardness of 380 lbf (1,690 N). My only reason is that I used the polyurethane on beech before, which look nice and also quite tough for everyday use in the kitchen. Fine uniform texture and good natural luster. It also removes any residue from the milling process where wax or oils may be present from the machines used to shape/cut the material. Additionally Sapele grows with an interlocking grain pattern where the fibers twist around the tree as they grow. After sanding down using 1000 grit I have applied a coat of Boiled linseed oil, once dry rub gently with 0000 wire wool. Hard maple ranks 1,450, while red oak ranks 1,290. Sapele mahogany should be cleaned with a Trisodium Phosphate Solution before applying any stain. It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. This is no surprise given that it’s quite a hard wood but is still easy to carve. Wood Hardness Chart – Bigger, Better, More Woods July 3, 2015 June 30, 2015 by Best Bass Gear With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we’ve expanded the list to 224 different species. I am having some wooden windows in our home replaced. I see you posted your question in September, so I imagine you went ahead and finished your door by now. It’s as hard as epoxy once cured but unlike epoxy or polyurethane finishes is incredibly easy to repair as surface do not require stripping back but just a light, localised surface sanding before reapplication. > Hardwoods > Apocynaceae > Alstonia > spectabilis Common Name(s): Hard milkwood, Scientific Name: (and A. macrophylla) Distribution: South and Southeast Asia, Pacific Islands, and northern Australia Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: lbs/ft3 ( kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): , Janka Hardness: lbf … Appearance: The contrast between its heartwood (often ranging from medium to coppery reddish brown) and its pale sapwood makes for a beautiful shiny appearance. It was a waste of beautiful lumber, but I was making tambour door breadboxes for Christmas gifts and used most of this just to make… Read more ». This may be your friend’s problem due to contact with his bending pipe. A question: Before applying grain filler + top coat, is there still any merit to rub in a few coats of danish oil? Sapele Overview. I made a dining table with a sapele top and finished the tabletop with three coats of boiled linseed oil on the top, bottom, and sides, and 10 coats of polyurethane on the top with 2 coats on the bottom and sides. It shattered the lower point of my RG shaped body. It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany -- also belonging to the Meliaceae family -- and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. Home Articles/FAQ's Hardwood Flooring 101: For Beginners Wood Charts: Density, Hardness, Stiffness and Strength Hardness Chart Hardness Chart Acacia 1,750 lbs Is there a better finish that would still be food safe, and do I need to sand it again? Please advise. That would depend on what you’re planning on using to topcoat/finish the wood with. darkens with age if nottreated with finishing oils that will prevent oxidation Janka Hardness: 1510. It sounds like the finish is the problem, and not necessarily the wood? I don’t think it glues well at all. You should look into hardwax-oil. Wondering if sapelle is compatible with radiant heat flooring? Besides the common ribbon pattern seen on quartersawn boards, Sapele is also known for a wide variety of  other figured grain patterns, such as: pommele, quilted, mottled, wavy, beeswing, and fiddleback. Whatt type of neck and so forth. We recently built a large wood sculpture using 4″ thick by 6″, 8″, 10″, and 12″ wide Sapele timbers. Red Oak is the reference species for comparing wood hardness. Dear all Medium woods, cedar, not oily, always stick very well. I have recently heard that the euro mills that kiln dry most of our U.S. wood only dry to 12% Has anyone heard of this being true, or should I expect to see 9-10% wood from my supplier? Tonally, I think it’s going to be more in line with ash. The Sapele Decking has a medium level of hardness with a rating of about 1510lbs. Interlocked grain produces beautiful ribbon pattern on quarter-sawn Sapele. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. "I have always been hesitant to buy lumber on-line. The timbers are standing on end and were glued and mechanically fastened in an interlocking pattern. What does it sound like. Chris you cal lay out the cabinet doors in brigght light (not direct sunlight though) and they probbley will even out. Traditionally used on timber flooring because of these properties, it is also an excellent furniture-grade finish and perfect for kitchen countertops. He is searching for ideas to salvage his work. you should apply it then with a clean rag wipe off the excess oil. The stain/varnish applied to your sapele may be blistering because it was never treated with a stripper prior to applying the stain. As soon as the timber leaves the kiln it would be exposed to an average air moisture content of above 18% so short of shrink wrapping it is going to absorb between the kiln and retailer/ wholesaler. Oh by the way tried to post an image if you upload too many images the max is one it won’t let you remove the extra image to allow for one. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. **This is the average hardness of the species (data based on NWFA). The next step was to rub in an 8-1 mix of amber lac shells and alcohol. Sapele is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. This test is also used to determine the degree of difficulty in sawing and nailing. It comes with an interlocking pattern wherein the fiber appears to twist as the tree grows. The hardness of the Sapele wood makes it better than the Mahogany but as noted earlier, there is not much difference in the sound due to this. vegetable oil works will however it has to be done properly otherwise the oil gets sticky and doesn’t work well. olyurethane (3 coats), which made the chairs slightly darker/richer than the table (grain filler + Polyurethane). The problem seems to be that the wood we have been receiving has been in the 11-13% range, not the 9-10% we believe to be a more correct range. X 87? DIMENSIONAL STABILITY: Moderate. Is the Sapele cracked or otherwise deformed? - Custom Orders Welcome: (877) 770-9663, "I have always been hesitant to buy lumber on-line. Price. First wood I had problem gluing. but not sure how it may turn out for Sapele. This combination resulted in a final finish remarkably beautiful and… Read more ». Wouldn’t come out. Has anyone ever used it for that purpose? It’s   sold both in lumber and veneer form. It is listed as vulnerable due to a population reduction of over 20% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation. RELATIVE ABUNDANCE: The species is reported to be relatively secure within parts of its range but it is known to be vulnerable in Cameroon and the Ivory Coast. It will also react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discolored and stained. Sapele is variable in grain and colour select to suit job in hand, I was purchasing QS boards and found one in the racks that was a different that all the others. What’s the best wasy to stain or dye sapele to a dark mahogany color. Sapele: Janka Hardness 1,410 lbf (6,280 N) The hardest of the three options. It will also react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discolored and stained. It is a great alternative to Mahogany. Sapele wood for sale is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. No staining, but I’m sure you could use a mahogany wipe on type finish, or a mahogany stain followed by several coatings of Tung oil, or Danish oil, or whatever you prefer. I had a 1.5 inch board that had forklift contact stains that went almost all the way to the other side of the board. Sapele is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. Before setting the piece in it’s permanent outdoor location, three coats of tung oil (Waterlox Marine Sealer) were applied. After sanding down, the bare sapele looks quite porous, so seems to me a good idea to use grain filler to fill the pores before applying top finish. No; they’re just racking up the bill on you. Many of the joints have opened up considerably, along with some checking and splitting on the timbers. It’s very close to a pommele but maybe not perfect enough to be sold as such (which this lumber yard doesn’t sell anyway). Your advice is much appreciated. Sapele may be dried at the sawmill, but it is not uncommon to bring the wet wood to the U.S. for drying. I am having a guitar made with Waterfall Sapele Hi there, could you tell me what is the best way to presenve and revive sapele wood on the exterior of my house? I’m making one with Sapele. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. The higher the number, the harder the wood is.This should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, furniture, cabinetry, flooring, boatbuilding, musical instruments, turned objects, and other small wooden specialty items. Is a wood that with such a beautiful grain the right choice for window framing that will just be covered up? ), resulting in tearout due to its interlocked grain. I took Eric’s advice and applied grain filler before polyurethane, 3 coats each side so far and probably a few more to finish the table. It’s harder than both Honduran and African Mahogany. The wood also benefits from a distinctive red-brown colour that darkens as it matures and ages. COMMENTS Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a golden to dark reddish brown. Gives a great finish and mellow tone, but I’ve found some of the harder woods like to try and crack anyway if I don’t do a multi dip process.… Read more », Can we use this SAPELLI WOOD [Entandrophragma cylindricum] for Doors and Window Frames ? It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany — also belonging to the Meliaceae family — and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. I had to repair with epoxy and Sapele shavings. If I remember correctly, danish oil is linseed-based, so I think it may serve to accelerate the patina of the wood a bit if that’s something you would want. I knew it was going to be absolutely beautiful. Much harder than African Mahogany and red oak. It dries rapidly, but the interlocked grain results in a strong tendency to warp. Horizontal installations are another phenomena. There are exceptions but these tend to be specialised users. OVER 100 SPECIES OF EXOTIC WOOD! Looks great. I love Sapele but it’s a typical mahogany and I don’t think it’ll hold up like Ash or hard Maple that bats are traditionally used and now currently used. Sapele is an exotic wood from West, Central, and Eastern Africa. Because of that, the term for this unit of measure is pound-force. sapele LATIN NAME: Entandrophragma cylindricum OTHER COMMON NAMES: sapell. I am still working on the table top. I’m just adding a couple of coats this winter and look to use if in the far future. this is a BEAUTIFUL wood! Sapele's propensity to exhibit such a diversity of figure types makes it a valuable source of decorative veneer. How to match color or fill nail holes veneer while polishing work. Grain is straight to interlocked. From my experience, both methods can finish Sapele with super smooth surface and stood up so far for the heavy use in the kitchen, but oil+polyurethane is easier to apply. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. My contractor sanded it well before I started applying the wax, but it doesn’t seem smooth any more. This Janka hardness makes it harder compared to the domestic species in North America. Sapele is in the same family as mahogany. Has anyone had experience with such? Alibaba.com offers 228 sapele wood hardness products. The first couple of coats were done using pumice stone powder to help smooth and fill with olive oil as lubricant. A better option is wood die rather than stain – it produces a more even color. I’m trying to get into more exotic type woods, like this African Sapele, over my standard maples and oaks. It reflects the force in pounds required to push a small steel ball into the wood. The Joinery company I’m using has selected Sapele for the job. They charged the same as the QS because they had no other category. Can send photograph. It’s a wood stabilizer and protects against UV. I have patio doors and others doors made of sapele and they have gone horrible and whatever was put on them to treat them has gone all blistery. Workability: Sapele can be troublesome to work in some machining  operations, (i.e., planing, routing, etc. X 5/4. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Workability: Sapele can be troublesome to work in some machining operations, (i.e., planing, routing, etc. I had sapele countertops installed a few months ago. Can I use this in the vegetable garden to make trellises and tuteurs without worry of toxins? Its so natural and STUNNING!!! Sapele finishes and glues very well but can become discolored and stained if it's in direct contact with iron. P.S. I have been making coat racks/hooks from some sapele shelves that were being thrown out. ), resulting in tearout due to its interlocked grain. Comments: Sapele is a commonly exported and economically important African wood species. By a very competent luthier. Polyurethane is. On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. I second the Tung Oil. Just my thoughts. I operate a retail building supply and special ordered six sheets of 3/4″ sapele plywood for a home owner. Foodsafe, doesn’t yellow and impervious to water, acids (coca cola, wine, etc) and heat once it’s cured. Sapele is 4% harder than hard Maple and 11% harder than White Oak. Juts did 8 coats on a plank of Sapele. However, any of these three oils would have looked great. Sapele is a sub-species of Mahogany and according to the Janka hardness scale Sapele is around 1500 whereas African Mahogany is much lower. *The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a 0.444 inch steel ball into wood. Sapele has a slight blunting effect on cutters, but it turns, glues, and finishes well. I finished 4 kitchen chairs with boiled linseed oil + oil-based polyurethane (3 coats), which made the chairs slightly darker/richer than the table (grain filler + Polyurethane). (I have five 1’x6″x24″ blanks of the stuff) However, I use all natural beeswax to seal my completed products by heating it (and the wood to reduce warping or splitting) and boiling the instrument in the wax. Most british kilns will not dry below 12% because it would be pointless. LATIN: ENTANDROPHRAGMA CYLINDRICUM ORIGIN: AFRICA. I just made a cutting board with some sapele offcut I got for free! someone knows if sapele can make a good bow? Please help me out with this, We use it often for doors, door frames, mouldings. I will… Read more », Dear, Is there any one who can send me photos of Pomelle Sapele/Quilted sapele logs …how its look like …only quilted sapeli logs photos…….I am awaiting for may be some ones kind can reply soon …thanks.thanks. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) … Is this normal for sapele? If it were me, I would apply a grain filler to the wood before final finishing, especially for a table top, but that’s just my aesthetic preference. https://thompsonmahogany.com/african-mahogany-vs-sapele-vs-utile/, What’s the best wasy to stain or dye sapele to a dark mahogany color. Sapele is a widely used and popular redwood, similar to mahogany, with a deep, rich finish suited to furniture projects, conservatories and much more. Didn’t expect it to require so much maintenance. I compared boiled linseed oil to danish oil and pure tung oil on some smaller pieces of sapele before choosing boiled linseed oil. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. We put together this write up comparing Sapele vs African Mahogany vs Utile if that might be helpful. Some of their other products have not been as advertised, but I put this product on the soles and the bunk faces and bulkheads and after a couple hundred days of use have been very impressed. To his horror he discovered a shadowed outline of the shape of each panel that covered the next. It is also a good indicator of how hard or easy a species is to saw or nail. INTERESTING FACTS: Sapele is a large rain forest tree from Africa. I work with Sapele almost daily in a custom door manufacturing plant. It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany -- also belonging to the Meliaceae family -- and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. I would expect you have to resend it before you apply another finish they may not stick to the wax. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … The name sapele comes from that of the city of Sapele in Nigeria, where there is a preponderance of the tree.African Timber and Plywood (AT&P), a division of the United Africa Company, had a factory at this location where the wood, along with Triplochiton scleroxylon, Obeche, mahogany, and Khaya was processed into timber which was then exported from the Port of Sapele worldwide. It’s much harder. About 3% of these are plywoods. It is almost two times harder compared to the Genuine Mahogany. It brings out the wonderful glow of sapele as well. This seems like it would be a perfect wood for a baseball bat. How did it come out? Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Sapele has been reported as a skin and respiratory irritant. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. The next and final coats were rubbed in using rotten stone powder and olive oil. Sapele wood is easily available and is grown in abundance while Mahogany is not readily accessible. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. The Janka hardness rating measures wood to rate its suitability for flooring. Sapele is characterised by its heavy strength and durability, interlocked grain and natural lustre. Any advice is helpful. USES: Sapele is a type of African Mahogany used for boats, fine furniture, and cabinetry. You will not be disappointed. This strips the tannins from the wood, opening up the surface to fully accept a stain. I am think of a few coats of danish oil, then finishing off with solvent-based polyurethane. I absolutely love it to sawdust and use it for all my decorative pieces. The wood is light to deep reddish brown. They will be painted. Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. The first coat was a 4-1 mix of dried amber lac shells and alcohol which helped to seal and close the pores. Has been used for quite some time in this regard in Europe but is only just starting to catch on here in Australia.… Read more ». We’ve used Sapele for our custom doors since we can’t get the quality of mahogany from the good old days. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; reddish brown deposits occasionally present; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, unilateral, and marginal; rays narrow to medium, spacing normal; ripple marks present. Plain Sawn Sapele … https://www.dalyspaint.com/store/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=12, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). I would appreciate your advise, I’ve installed bunks on a 135 foot schooner made of sapele and have used Daly’s FloorFin and it has held up very well. These are all produced by deviations from the normal grain pattern of the wood. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Sapele has a slight blunting effect on cutters, but it turns, glues, and finishes well. In UK (where I live), the closest match I could get was mahogany grain filler, so the wood turns a bit reddish, but feels… Read more ». I am just about to make a kitchen dinning table with Sapele. The two main types are Plain Sawn and Quarter Sawn. As mentioned on this site, Sapele stains when in contact with iron. I built this elliptical shaped end table from Sapele wood…then put a French polish on it. The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. Add another coat of oil and rub with wool again. Sapele has a medium to coarse texture. Then I repeated this process with the polyurethane,… Read more », Hats off to your patience and love to the wood and table you are making. A wide variety of sapele wood hardness options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. The Janka hardness test measures the lb/in2 required to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. The major difference between Sapele and Mahogany is the price. Odor: Sapele has a distinct, cedar-like scent while being worked. Botanical Name: Entandrophragma cylindricum Janka Hardness: 1510 – 75% harder than Genuine Mahogany. I was told Sapele is very photo sensitive. I’m interested how yours turned out? Scientific Name: Entandrophragma cylindricum, Tree Size: 100-150 ft (30-45 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (670 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .50, .67, Modulus of Rupture: 15,930 lbf/in2 (109.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,746,000 lbf/in2 (12.04 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,750 lbf/in2 (60.4 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 12.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Like Mahogany, Sapele is used as both a top wood and a back/sides wood. Grades of Sapele Flooring: Almost all Sapele flooring is Clear grade that is chosen for its dark reddish orange color. Sapele flooring has characteristics of the Sapele tree. From my experience, both methods can finish Sapele with super smooth surface and stood up so far for the heavy use in the kitchen, but oil+polyurethane is easier to apply. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. Ebony measures 3,220 on the Janka scale; balsa wood measures 100. We ship our work all over the U.S. so moisture content is always an issue. It can be a difficult wood to work with, but finishes well. Color tends to darken with age. I work at a lumberyard in NJ and I sell a lot of sapele. There is a lot of info on Odies oil and the owners are the nicest people. Ripping Ash, H Maple and Sapele on the table saw are very much different. Hard for me to imagine a finish that is not food safe ONCE IT HAS CURED. Sikkens Cetol 1,23 system or Cetol Door & Window is what I’d recommend for finishing Sapele. Should I be worried about cracking? Also, it’s hard to keep crumb free, as the finish is not really smooth. Question from a friend; when steam bending Sapele for the sides of a 3/4 guitar it seemed to develope blackish purple mold spots. It is occasionally used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany, and is sometimes referred to as “Sapele Mahogany.” Technically, the two genera that are commonly associated with mahogany are Swietenia and Khaya, while Sapele is in the Entandrophragma genus, but all three are included in the broader Meliaceae family, so comparisons to true mahogany may not be too far fetched. https://www.dalyspaint.com/store/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=12. Now I am happy to have you as a resource for my f ..." - Robert (Read More), 200 E. Hematite Dr. | Ishpeming, MI 49849 | 877-770-9663 | 0.0189 | 127.1.1421.

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