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barringtonia asiatica uses

Year 2006 ISBN Description Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.]. It grows on sandy and rocky shore areas and has lantern shaped seeds, locally called Kinyav used during the calm season in shallow and low tide waters for killing fishes, octopus, etc. Usage: Barringtonia asiatica or Poison Fish is a food plant for moth larvae of Dasychira spp. : analyses of molecular data from five genes from the plastid and mitochondrial genomes. by Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van \Bunyapraphatsara, N.]. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Rojas-Sandoval J, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2015. September, 2006. & G.Forst. BARRINGTONIA SPECIOSA [BARRINGTONIA ASIATICA] Courtesy of ArtVintage1800s.etsy.com. In the Philippines, its leaves have been topically applied against rheumatism and the seeds as a vermifuge. & G.Forst.) Fruiting trees and especially the flowers of Erythrina orientalis are important feeding sources for an array of wildlife. A traditional skirt, Nanumea Atoll, Tuvalu, made using the leaves of this plant. 2002). Plants within the family Lecythidaceae (sensu lato) are characterized by alternate, simple leaves, perfect flowers, cortical bundles in the stem, numerous stamens, three-aperturate pollen, axile placentation, and a bitegmic-tenuinucellate ovule (Morton et al., 1997). A: lxv 1875. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Anderberg AA; Rydin C; Källersjö M, 2002. August, 2009. http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 132 pp. August, 2009. Barringtonia asiatica. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Published: 2020-11-20 Pollen Description Shape, Size and Aperture. Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Barringtonia (family Lecythidaceae). The tree is harvested from the wild for local use … It is a common plant in mangroves and wetlands on islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans (Polunin, 1987; Yaplito, 2001; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Racemes mostly terminal, erect, 5-15 cm, 5-10(-20)-flowered; bracts ovate, 8-20 mm; bracteoles triangular, 1.5-5 mm. Ajna Fern PROTA4U web database., [ed. It has large four sided fruit resembling a bishop's hat. Barringtonia butonica J.R.Forst. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International. B. asiatica is a widespread tree present in coastal areas in India, Africa, Asia, Melanesia and the West Indies. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). In: Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz. Record from Prosea base. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Flowers of India. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, USDA-ARS, 2014. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Sea Poison Tree (Barringtonia asiatica) is a salt-tolerant landscape tree, commonly associated with coastal areas, with a natural range extending from tropical Africa, through India to Southeast Asia, Australia and the Pacific. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Currently, Lecythidaceae is included within the order Ericales, and in spite of the fact that its position within the clade is not well-defined, is considered monophyletic (Anderberg et al. •Antitumor / Phytochemicals: Study evaluated the biological activity of the seeds of Barringtonia asiatica using the brine shrimp hatchability and lethality assay. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Kairo M, Ali B, Cheesman O, Haysom K, Murphy S, 2003. Kew Gardens 'World Checklist' link : Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz, Prelim. & G.Forst.) PROTA4U web database. In Indonesia and the Philippines, the fruit or seed is used as a fish poison. The middle layer is spongy (like the coconut) and contains air sacs to help the fruit float (Polunin, 1987; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). http://www.flowersofindia.net/, Govaerts R; Tulig M, 2014. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. In the Bismarck Archipelago, the fresh nut is scraped and applied directly to a sore. Stem. B. asiatica colonizes coastal areas where it competes with native coastal and mangrove related vegetation and eventually grows out of suppression. World Checklist of Lecythidaceae., London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The specific name racemosa refers to the long racemes on which the flowers and fruit are borne.B. web interface by It grows in rainforest near the sea. Journal of Marine and Island Cultures 4(2), 76–80. Trees, 7-20(-30) m tall. Anthesis is nocturnal; flowers are showy and fragrant and attract large moths and nectar-feeding bats. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Phylogenetic relationships of Lecythidaceae: a cladistic analysis using rbcL sequence and morphological data. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Traditional uses and benefits of Barringtonia Various parts of the tree are used in folkloric medicine in its native area of habitation. Richard Morris. Casuarina equisetifolia is able to establish on barren sand. In the Philippines, the leaves of B. asiatica are heated and externally applied for stomach-ache. & G.Forst. Fresh leaves are topically applied against rheumatism, and the seeds are employed as a vermifuge. Seeds oblong, 4-5 cm long. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. B. asiatica is a large tree, 7 to 25 m tall, growing as a mangrove associate on sandy and rocky shores. It has large four sided fruit resembling a bishop's hat. http://www.proseanet.org, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Results showed high biological activity in both assays and suggests the possibility that botong seeds contain compounds that can be used to treat cancers and tumors. The Barringtonia asiatica is a medium size tree commonly found in Car Nicobar Island known for its ichthyotoxic property. Home > Papua New Guinea > Lae > Barringtonia Asiatica plant . Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Mix it with lime juice and apply as first aid for snakebite. A. American Journal of Botany, 89(4):677-687. A list of the common names for Barringtonia asiatica reveals its preferred habitat and economic uses: sea poison tree, fish poison tree, fish-killer tree, queen of the shores, sea putat, etc. In Asia and the Pacific Ocean, B. asiatica is commonly associated with Intsia bijuga, Hibiscus tilliaceus and Calophyllum inophyllum close to the beach. Latin Barringtonia, after Hon. It can also be found in gardens and city parks where it is grown along streets for decorative and shade purposes. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. The next morning, flowers are also visited by bees (Polunin, 1987). The bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[658. 6.1 When to plant; 7 Tree care. This species is included in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012), and at present it has only been listed as invasive for the Dominican Republic (Kairo et al., 2003). This family is confined to tropical regions where it is best developed in warm and very humid areas. Barringtonia asiatica. Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Within and outside its native distribution range, B. asiatica produces flowers and fruits almost all year-round (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). The record derives from iPlants which reports it as an accepted name (record 313402) with original publication details: Prelim. http://www.proseanet.org, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. • Use dried trunk and grind it into powder. (2003). Daines Barrington (1727–1800), English naturalist; Latin racemosa, flowers growing in racemes, referring to the plant’s racemous flowering shoot consisting of a central axis with stalked flowers along it with the youngest at the tip and the older ones progressively lower: Ethnobotanical Uses In Australia, the aborigines use the plant as a fish poison and sometimes to alleviate headache. Scientific name: Barringtonia asiatica Family: Lecythidaceae Group members: 1) Nursyahirah Binti Mohd Dinear (182350) 2) Nor Farahin Binti Azizi (182739) Universiti Putra Malaysia. with help from Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Common Name: Fish Poison tree. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. B. asiatica is a widespread tree present in coastal areas in India, Africa, Asia, Melanesia and the West Indies. The database and code is licensed under a by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. This species produces fruits that can survive on the sea for long distances and for periods up to 2 years, facilitating its dispersal capability (Polunin, 1987; Yaplito, 2001). It can be found at Singapore Botanic Gardens. RAP publication 2006/07 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Bangkok. Kurz, W.S. Leaves. Flowers of India., http://www.flowersofindia.net/, Govaerts R, Tulig M, 2014. Barringtonia speciosa J.R.Forst. Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Yaplito MA, 2001. Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Usually a short-boled poorly formed tree with a coarsely flaky bark. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life. Barringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); habit. Barringtonia edulis is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 15 metres tall. The large flowers (stamens are about 10cm) bloom at night and fall off the following day. Barringtonia asiatica: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: LECYTHIDACEAE: English name: Sea poison tree: Local name: Mudilla (මූදිල්ල) $ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Least concerned (NCS 2012) Description: Tree, to 30 m tall; twigs with large leaf scars. B.R. Barringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); spent flowers. Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree: There is currently one individual of Barringtonia asiatica listed as Heritage Tree in Singapore. Lecythidaceae. A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. August, 2009. Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz . Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. The genus Barringtonia contains 56 species and is named after Daines Barrington, an 18th century botanist, jurist and antiquary. Contents. Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia (PDF online downloadable). Description. Barringtonia speciosa J.R.Forst. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, CABI, Undated. Lam. 7.1 Potential Pests and Diseases; 8 Ecology; 9 History and Human Connection. 5.1 Hardiness; 6 How to plant. To find out more about this tree, please visit the Heritage Tree Register. ) Leaves: Inflorescences terminal or subterminal racemes, erect, 2-20 cm long, with 3-20 flowers; Flowers with pedicels 4-8 cm; Fruits ovate, 8.5-11 by 8.5-10 cm, tapering to apex, sharply tetragonous to the emarginated base. Islands use liquid from the crushed bark of Barringtonia asiatica to treat stomach-aches, the top leaves fr om this tree are squeezed into water and the liquid taken orall y. Externally it is applied to wounds and a swollen spleen after an attack of malaria. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2006. Description; Distribution; Uses; Citation; Description. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. The genus Barringtonia includes 70 species restricted to the Old World (Stevens, 2012). London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Britten, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. American Journal of Botany, 84(4):530-540. The wood is light and soft and is used for light work, carving and turnery (Yaplito, 2001). Rep. Forest Pegu App. Barringtonia thrives around brackish water, near lagoons, and along the coast, and is occasionally planted in Hawai'i. The cooked fruits to remove the saponins are edible. http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf, PROTA, 2014. Lecythidaceae. Report to the Nature Conservancy. August, 2009. & G.Forst. PROSEA base [ed. If you would like to support this site, please consider. In: PROSEA base, [ed. Lecythidaceae is a pantropical family of trees and shrubs comprising 25 genera and about 340 species (Stevens, 2012). Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Morton CM; Mori SA; Prance GT; Karol KG; Chase MW, 1997. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); leaves and fruit. Barringtonia asiatica. August, 2009. In Fiji, a decoction of the leaves is used to treat hernias and a decoction of the bark to treat constipation and epilepsy. Online Database. Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); fallen fruits. CABI is a registered EU trademark. It is often planted as a shade tree along boulevards and avenues along the sea. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Publisher Author. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Lam. Online Database. September, 2006. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Squalene, A natural triterpene for use in disease management and therapy. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Leaves are heated and applied externally for stomach-ache in Philippines. Reddy, L. H. & Couvreur, P. (2009). Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); mature, fallen fruit. It is a mangrove tree native to the Old World, with a distribution across the tropical areas of Asia and extending into the Pacific islands, northern Australia, southern Taiwan and tropical Africa. Barringtonia asiatica. 132 pp. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Fresh fruit is scraped and applied topically to sores in Bismarck Archipelago. ex F.M. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, USDA-ARS, 2014. Butonica speciosa (J.R.Forst. Common name . B. asiatica grows in coastal coral soils with pH 5.1 - 8.5 and tolerates shallow, saline and infertile soils. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. The genus Barringtonia includes 70 species restricted to the Old World (Stevens, 2012). Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. County Nursery Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. (1875) Preliminary Report on the Forest and Other Vegetation of Pegu: . Record from Prosea base. Content. cures skin desease. B. asiatica grows as a mangrove associate in coastal locations including sandy and rocky seashores, coral-sand flats, and mangrove swamp from sea level up to 350 m altitude. http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); habit. Basic information. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. It has been introduced into East Africa, Hawaii, and the West Indies, where it has naturalized. Barringtonia asiatica was commonly used in various country of the world for treatment of liver disorder, diarrheal disease, eye disease, as well as antifungal and antibacterial, as well as chest pains and heart troubles. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. EPPO Code: BGTAS ; Preferred name: Barringtonia asiatica ; Authority: (Linnaeus) Kurz ; Notes. The oldest botanical records at the US National Herbarium report the occurrence of large trees of B. asiatica for the islands of Antigua in 1913 and Haiti in 1926. In the West Indies, B. asiatica was probably introduced late in the 1800s. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); fallen flowers. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Stevens PF, 2012. Code created in: 1996-10-28. Barringtonia asiatica on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet. World Checklist of Lecythidaceae. Biological Invasions. Title Food Plants of Papua New Guinea Publication Author French. Calyx undivided, rupturing at anthesis into 2 or 3 unequal, rounded or acuminate, persistent lobes 3-4 × 2-3 cm and a tube 3-5 mm. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Kairo M; Ali B; Cheesman O; Haysom K; Murphy S, 2003. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Ken Fern, Many of the common names of this species reflect its use as a fish poison. The seeds have been used ground to a powder to stun or kill fish for easy capture, suffocating the fish without affecting the flesh. Many of the common names of this species reflect its use as a fish poison. • The smoke of burning dried fruit can be used as mosquito repellent. Report to the Nature Conservancy. This species does not tolerate frost and prefer areas with warm temperatures (20 - 35°C). Agasta asiatica (L.) Miers, Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Botany ser. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by racemosa is the only indigenous species of this genus occurring in South Africa. & G.Forst. It grows in rainforest near the sea. Flower buds 2-4 cm in diam. These fruit are often found washed up on the beach. Butonica speciosa (J.R.Forst. Ovary 4-loculed, 5-9 mm; ovules 4 or 5 per locule; style 11-13 cm. Lecythidaceae. Ross, I. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez (2015), http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Huttum speciosum (J.R.Forst. Phylogenetic relationships in the order Ericales s.l. • Young leaves or fruit, eat fresh or pound it until some water comes out and consume to relieve stomach acid reflux. 9.1 Uses; 10 References; Common Names. Barringtonia butonica J.R.Forst. PROTA, 2014. The large flowers (stamens are about 10cm) bloom at night and fall off the following day. Biological Invasions. [Others]: Oil extracts from the seeds are used as an illuminant. Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz. Fine ray pattern usually visible in the inner blaze. and Thyas honesta. Comments. Plants and Flowers of Singapore., Singapore: Times Editions, 68 pp. Distribution. These fruit are often found washed up on the beach. & G.Forst.) In some areas of the Pacific, the seed is crushed, mixed with water and added to tidal pools to stupefy fish for easier catching. Barringtonia asiatica (BGTAS) Menu. Asian Barringtonia; Beach Barringtonia; Mango Bark; Mango Pine; Pine, Mango; Barringtonia. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Pde po ba sa may arthritis . It was also considered a fish killer; this has been identified as a source of Natural products with potentials as an antitumor. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Rojas-Sandoval J; Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2014. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Yaplito MA, 2001. 1192 pp. Leaves 15-40 x 10-18 cm, with almost no petiole. Branches stout; bark fissured. In Indo-China the young fruits are consumed as a vegetable after prolonged cooking. Even when B. asiatica is an almost exclusively littoral species, in some localities trees may grow further inland on calcareous hills or cliffs (Yaplito, 2001). Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. References. Barringtonia asiatica. Britten. & G.Forst.) Barringtonia Asiatica plant . The chromosome number reported for B. asiatica is 2n = 26 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Petals 4, white, ovate or elliptic, 5-6 cm. Fish Poison Tree, Fish Killer Tree, Sea Poison Tree, Mango Pine, Mangobark, Putat, Sea Putat, Asian Barringtonia, Beach Barringtonia Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flowers of India, 2014. Fruit dispersed by floating, broadly pyramidal, smooth, 9-11 cm, apex tapering and crowned by calyx; pericarp spongy, fibrous, green at first than turning brown when ripe and floats on water. Flora of China. Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Fruits can float and remain viable for many months, Grown along streets for decorative and shade purposes in some parts of India.

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