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blue carbon initiative upsc

This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 8 times. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21. Airport Carbon Accreditation is the global carbon management standard for airports. Provisions of NFSA act : The NFS Act, 2013 aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two-thirds of India’s 1.2 billion people. It is an initiative of UNEP and UNESCO. In this article, you can read about the Ocean Resources: Biotic And Abiotic (marine mineral resources) that the structure of the Earth is composed of – for UPSC Geography.. The Blue Carbon Initiative focuses on mangroves, salt marshes and seagrasses, which are found on every continent except Antarctica. Coastal ecosystems are some of the most productive on Earth. Dec 04, 2020 - Mitigation Strategies UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Learn more in the Blue Carbon Activities section. The Blue Carbon Initiative, co-led by Conservation International (CI), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Intergovernmental Oceanic Commission (IOC) of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), has produced a manual titled ‘Coastal Blue Carbon: methods for assessing carbon stocks and emissions factors in mangroves, tidal salt marshes, … The blue economy is creating new opportunities for shipping companies to develop zero-carbon fuels and propulsion technologies to cut shipping’s carbon emissions by 50% by 2050. Blue carbon refers to the carbon captured by living organisms in oceans and stored in the form of biomass and sediments from mangroves, salt marshes and seagrasses. India has an exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 2.02 million sq.km and a long coastline of 8,118 km with rich and diverse marine living resources. The International Blue Carbon Initiative is a coordinated, global program focused on mitigating climate change through the conservation and restoration of coastal and marine ecosystems. (b) Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups that have reduced greenhouse gases below their emission quota (c) The goal of the carbon credit system is to limit the increase of carbon dioxide emission (d) Carbon credits are traded at a price fixed from time to time by the United Nations Environment Programme. The total number of accredited airports as of May 2019 was 274, operating in 68 countries and representing more than 43% of world air passenger traffic. It is a movement in which the participants switch off the lights for one hour on a certain day every year. The Blue Carbon Initiative is a global program working to mitigate climate change through the restoration and sustainable use of coastal and marine ecosystems. Tidal marshes are being lost at a rate of 1-2% per year. The Blue Carbon Strategy for South Australia, released in November 2019, aims to accelerate action to protect and restore coastal ecosystems. They provide us with essential ecosystem services, such as coastal protection from storms and nursery grounds for fish. Blue carbon: it is stored in coastal ecosystems such as sea-grass and mangrove, etc. Projects are being developed at sites globally to protect and restore coastal ecosystems for their "blue" carbon value. Mangroves are being lost at a rate of 2% per year. Combined, these ecosystems cover approximately 49 Mha*. Research into the sequestration, storage and loss of carbon from blue carbon systems is ongoing. These ecosystems sequester and store large quantities of blue carbon in both the plants and the sediment below. Seagrasses are being lost at a rate of 1.5% per year and have lost approximately 30% of historical global coverage. Data about the extent … Continue reading "Science" Blue carbon is the carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. Consider the statements with reference to ‘Blue Carbon’ (a) It is carbon stored in coastal, terrestrial and marine ecosystem (b) The Blue Carbon Initiative currently focuses on carbon in coastal and terrestrial ecosystems – mangroves, tidal marshes, sea grasses and forests The International Blue Carbon Initiative is a coordinated, global programme focused on mitigating climate change through the conservation and restoration of coastal and marine ecosystems. The Blue Carbon Initiative currently focuses on carbon in coastal ecosystems - mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses. Experts estimate that as much as 1.02 billion tons of carbon dioxide are being released annually from degraded coastal ecosystems, which is equivalent to 19% of emissions from tropical deforestation globally*. Contextual Introduction. 2. Blue Growth approaches remain flexible for different realities, from tropical inland fisheries to Arctic coastal ... energy efficiency to reduce the carbon footprint of fisheries and aquaculture GOAL 1 Increase decent work opportunities and foster healthy, resilient, Demand of the question Introduction. Partnering with Apple. The International Blue Carbon Initiative is a coordinated, global program focused on mitigating climate change through the conservation and restoration of coastal and marine ecosystems. The total number of accredited airports as of May 2019 was 274, operating in 68 countries and representing more than 43% of world air passenger traffic. Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups that have reduced greenhouse gases below their emission quota (c.) The goal of the carbon credit system is to limit the increase of carbon dioxide emission (d.) Carbon credits are- traded at a price fixed from time to time by the United Nations Environment Programme. The Blue Carbon Initiative works to protect and restore coastal ecosystems for their role in reducing impacts of global climate change. Way forward. Conclusion. Solution (b) In partnership with Apple, this initiative is helping to develop a new approach to valuing the full carbon potential of these rich marine ecosystems — from treetops down deep into the soil — and providing a model for other blue carbon initiatives in Colombia and around the world. Initiative. 98. Way forward. Demand of the question Introduction. Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. India has an exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 2.02 million sq.km and a long coastline of 8,118 km with rich and diverse marine living resources. Pet coke or petroleum coke: it has approx 90% carbon and 5% sulfur. Blue carbon is the carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. How oceanic resources can help India’s socio-economic growth. UNCCD is excited to join forces with The Republic of Korea and other key partners to launch this promising new endeavor," said Mr. Thiaw. The International Blue Carbon Initiative is a coordinated, global program focused on mitigating climate change through the conservation and restoration of coastal and marine ecosystems. They are part of the Blue Carbon initiative, which is carbon captured by oceans and coastal ecosystem and stored in the form of biomass and sediments. It is the dirtiest fuels … As with terrestrial ecosystems, degraded blue carbon ecosystems can shift from being a carbon sink to a carbon source, that is, changing from storing additional atmospheric carbon to releasing carbon (Pendleton et al. The Initiative currently focuses on mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses. Dec 04, 2020 - Mitigation Strategies UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. These ecosystems sequester and store large quantities … In contrast to forest carbon, which has well-developed financial mechanisms and policy frameworks, blue carbon has attracted limited attention from policy makers. The International Blue Carbon Initiative is a coordinated, global program focused on mitigating climate change through the conservation and restoration of coastal and marine ecosystems. Seagrasses cover less than 0.2% of ocean floor, but store about 10% of the carbon buried in the oceans each year. The Blue Carbon Initiative, co-led by Conservation International (CI), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Intergovernmental Oceanic Commission (IOC) of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), has produced a manual titled ‘Coastal Blue Carbon: methods for assessing carbon stocks and emissions factors in mangroves, tidal salt marshes, … Blue carbon is the carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. They cover roughly 140 million hectares of Earth's surface. Blue Economy and its Components | UPSC – IAS As per the World Bank, Blue Economy is the sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth, improved livelihoods, and jobs while preserving the health of ocean ecosystem. Blue Growth approaches remain flexible for different realities, from tropical inland fisheries to Arctic coastal ... energy efficiency to reduce the carbon footprint of fisheries and aquaculture GOAL 1 Increase decent work opportunities and foster healthy, resilient, To support this work, the Initiative is coordinating the International Blue Carbon Scientific Working Group and International Blue Carbon Policy Working Group, which provide guidance for needed research, project implementation and policy priorities. The Initiative is coordinated by Conservation International (CI), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (IOC-UNESCO). Blue carbon is the carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Q 10 . Ocean Resources. From 2011 to 2018, the Blue Carbon Initiative’s International Blue Carbon Scientific Working Group and collaborators have published 198 documents which are indexed … Global distribution of blue carbon There are four main dimensions of coastal blue carbon ecosystems that can be mapped – extent, carbon stocks, rate of carbon accumulation and loss, and species composition. The ocean is one of Earth’s most valuable natural resources. Coastal blue carbon ecosystems are found along the coasts of every continent except Antarctica Select the correct statements a) 1 and 2 b) 2 and 3 c) 1 and 3 d) All of the above. An investment in wetland restoration supports many important benefits, including carbon capture,… Continue reading The Initiative will help address some of the most challenging situations of transboundary management of shared natural resources while promoting peace and cooperation. View recent reports and scientific papers in our Library. The amount and quality of spatial data available varies for each of these dimensions and each blue carbon ecosystem. The Blue Carbon Initiative currently focuses on carbon in coastal ecosystems - mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses. 2. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 8 times. This conference represents an important opportunity to take stock of both the opportunities – and the challenges – which the Blue Economy concept presents, in the context of SDG14 - Life Below Water.. As the single largest natural asset on the planet which represents some 99% of the earth’s … SEDIMENT CARBON Coastal habitats account for approximately half of the total carbon sequestered in ocean sediments. The Blue Carbon Initiative focuses.. Blue Carbon Initiative is coordinated by Conservation International (CI), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) only 3. 98. Coastal Blue Carbon Program Learn the Basics Blue carbon is the ability of tidal wetlands and seagrass habitats to capture and store carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, helping to mitigate the effects of climate change. Coastal ecosystems such as mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows sequester and store more carbon per unit area than terrestrial forests and are now being recognised for their role in mitigating climate change. It covers several sectors linked directly or indirectly to the oceans such as – The Blue Carbon Initiative focuses on mangroves, salt marshes and seagrasses, which are found on every continent except Antarctica. GLOBAL CARBON 83% of the global carbon cycle is circulated through the ocean. Revised state coverage ratios #Polity #UPSC Gs2- Poverty and hunger Context : The government has initiated the process of ascertaining the new State/UT-specific coverage ratios for rural and urban areas under the National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA). In the next 5 years, the Blue Carbon Initiative, the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, and our partners will build a global network of regional nodes for blue carbon data and knowledge exchange. Action on blue carbon also reduces greenhouse gas emissions and facilitates social, economic and environmental co-benefits. When degraded or destroyed, these ecosystems emit the carbon they have stored for centuries into the atmosphere and oceans and become sources of greenhouse gases. The International Blue Carbon Initiative — a partnership among Conservation International, IUCN and IOC-UNESCO — is an integrated program focused on mitigating climate change by conserving and restoring coastal marine ecosystems globally. Blue carbon is the carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. How oceanic resources can help India’s socio-economic growth. This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at … Find out more about the funding on offer in our Woodland Carbon Guarantee leaflet … Carbon is now tracked and traded like any other commodity. Experts estimate that carbon emissions from mangrove deforestation account for up to 10% of emissions from deforestation globally, despite covering just 0.7% of land coverage. From November 26-28, Kenya will host the Sustainable Blue Economy Conference in Nairobi. Blue Carbon Initiative is coordinated by Conservation International (CI), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) only 3. For example, over 95% of the carbon in seagrass meadows is stored in the soils*. Topics: Aquatic ecology • Biological oceanography • Blue carbon • Carbon capture and sequestration • Chemical oceanography • Ecosystems • Mangrove • Marine ecosystem • Nature • Oceanography • Physical geography • Seagrass, © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Current Affairs [PDF] - December 1-15, 2020, Current Affairs MCQs PDF - November, 2020, Current Affairs [PDF] - November 17-30, 2020, Important Days & Events in Current Affairs. What Exactly is the Blue Dot Network? The Blue Carbon Initiative focuses on mangroves, salt marshes and seagrasses, which are found on every continent except Antarctica. From November 26-28, Kenya will host the Sustainable Blue Economy Conference in Nairobi. These coastal ecosystems cover between 13.8 and 15.2 million hectares (Mha), 2.2 and 40 Mha, and 17.7 and 60 Mha, respectively. Blue carbon is the carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. The official release refers to the Blue Dot Network as “a multi-stakeholder initiative to bring together governments, the private sector and civil society to promote high-quality, trusted standards for global infrastructure development”. The Blue Carbon Initiative; Coastal Blue Carbon Approaches for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration; Last edited on 17 December 2020, at 12:37. Brown carbon: Source is the combustion of organic biomass, the same effect as black carbon. We also know that they provide another integral service - sequestering and storing "blue" carbon from the atmosphere and oceans and hence are an essential piece of the solution to global climate change. COASTAL HABITAT COVERAGECoastal habitats cover less than 2% of the total ocean area. Airport Carbon Accreditation is the global carbon management standard for airports. It provides food in the form of fish and shellfish—about 200 billion pounds are caught each year. Carbon sequestration also process is involved in coastal ecosystem In this article, we have explained the term blue carbon and its importance … Body. Contextual Introduction. When protected or restored, blue carbon ecosystems sequester and store carbon. (b) Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups that have reduced greenhouse gases below their emission quota (c) The goal of the carbon credit system is to limit the increase of carbon dioxide emission (d) Carbon credits are traded at a price fixed from time to time by the United Nations Environment Programme. The Blue Carbon Initiative currently focuses on carbon in coastal ecosystems - mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses. They have lost more than 50% of their historical global coverage. (b.) Outside of the United States however, an organization called Conservation International has started a blue carbon initiative dedicated to, “implementing policies and projects for conservation of blue carbon ecosystems,” in foreign countries such as Costa Rica, Ecuador, Indonesia and the Philippines. Conclusion. Initiative. It is a movement to raise the awareness about the climate change and the need to save the planet. Coastal ecosystems such as mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows sequester and store more carbon per unit area than terrestrial forests and are now being recognised for their role in mitigating climate change. For example, mangroves are estimated to be worth at least US$1.6 billion each year in ecosystem services that support coastal livelihoods and human populations around the world*. Body. Blue carbon is the carbon captured by the world’s oceans and coastal ecosystems. 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