Recent molecular work has shown the genus to be polyphyletic: many members are seemingly distantly related and other fungi, such as the field blewit and wood blewit, now known as Clitocybe saeva and C. nuda respectively, are more closely related. Many small Clitocybe species contain the toxin muscarine, which was originally found in small amounts in the famous fly agaric. Differences between this and Clitocybe nuda: Cortinarius alboviolaceus has a dry cap, bulbous base, rusty brown s.p., but won’t see this till mushroom matures sufficiently. Clitocybe irina Key to Gilled Mushrooms Key This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. 959 p. The gills are important for separating these two mushrooms. Nova Hedwigia 72: 176. If collecting for the table, take care not to confuse it with poisonous Entoloma species of similar stature and coloration, such as Entoloma lividoalbum, Entoloma sericatum, and Entoloma rhodopolium. Clitocyboid Mushrooms [ Basidiomycetes > Agaricales > ?-aceae (polyphyletic) . These are the Top-5 predictions given by AI. The Fool’s Funnel (Clitocybe rivulosa), which might be the same species, is undistinguishable to the forager and is deadly poisonous. Also resembles Laccaria purpurea, which has a white s.p. Mushrooms Demystified. Arora, D. (1986). Bigelow, H.E. One of several species similar in appearance, it is a small white funnel-shaped toadstool widely found in lawns, meadows and other grassy areas in Europe and North America. Rep. N. Y. iNaturalist Observations & Stevens, F.A. Scattered to gregarious, sometimes in rings in grassy areas (lawns, pastures) or under oaks or Monterey cypress; fruiting in late fall to early spring, common in central to southern California. 560 p. Clitocybe Records from Santa Cruz County:. The stems are rather tough and so many people discard them and eat just the caps. 1982. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). (1982). However, the small white Clitocybe species contain muscarine in dangerous amounts, and two species in particular, the closely related Clitocybe dealbata and Clitocybe rivulosa, contain muscarine in such amounts that deaths have been recorded for eating those two Clitocybe species. species Clitocybe fragrans (With.) The genus Clitocybe of California. To the left is Clitocybe gibba, and to the right is Clitocybe clavipes.I do not recommend eating either of these species. Other articles where Clitocybe is discussed: Agaricales: Other families and genera: Omphalotus contains several species capable of bioluminescence, including the poisonous jack-o-lantern (O. illudens). Specimen was collected on 30th October 2017 at 1:30 pm. 1887 Agaricus (Clitocybe) compressipes Peck, Ann. This well known edible species was described from Europe and occurs commonly on the ground in woods throughout most of temperate North America south to the mountains of North Carolina and west to Oregon. Clitocybe robust was rediscovered to be edible a few years ago at a meeting of the Westchester Mycological Society. This species is also found in many parts of North America. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clitocybe&oldid=980014803, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 03:21. Clitocybe brunneocephala can be recognized by a brown cap and dingy buff gills and stipe, a fragrant odor, and its resemblance, except for coloration, to the blewit, Clitocybe nuda.It is currently known only from California.
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