The Protected Areas are declared under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Extinct (EX) – No known individuals remaining. Applying a category to an entire MPA 26 5.2. Marine Protected Areas in India are the area defined under IUCN Guidelines. Categories; Category Ia – Strict Nature Reserve; Category Ib – Wilderness Area India has around 8,000 kms of coastline with two island systems, viz, the Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep, and 2,305,143 Sq. They limit anthropogenic activities and exploitation of resources in these areas. History. The Indian government has founded Biosphere Reserves of India, which shelters greater areas of natural environment rather than National Park or Wildlife Sanctuary. Category III – Natural Monument or Feature. Biosphere Reserves are large areas of bio diversity where flora and fauna are protected. Unpublished Report. World Heritage and IUCN categories Marc Patry 143 9. Reduction in population size (>90% over the last 10 years) The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas, has defined its Category II type of protected areas. Categories and conservation conventions 137 8.1. Structure of Categories: The definition of Protected Area provided by IUCN has been broadly accepted across the world and is an important topic for the UPSC Geography Syllabus and topics related to the Environment.   Contents. important species details related to environment for upsc prelims and mains examination. The IUCN protected area management categories as applied to MPAs 21 5. Types of classification. IUCN protected area categories, or IUCN protected area management categories, are categories used to classify protected areas in a system developed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).. Category V – Protected Landscape/Seascape. Cat IUCN Protected Area Management Categories: ; Ia: Strict nature reserve A marine reserve usually connotes "maximum protection", where all resource removals are strictly prohibited. Through the Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas and the system of IUCN protected area categories IUCN influences how protected areas are managed. … This session is useful for the aspirants of UPSC CSE prelims 2020. this session will be delivered in english and the notes will be provided in the same language. According to IUCN protected areas are those in which human occupation or at least the exploitation of resources is limited. Sep 06,2020 - Under which IUCN protected area management National Park falls?a) Category IIb) Category IIIc) Category Id) Category IVCorrect answer is option 'A'. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) categories. Sets out 30 guidelines related to urban protected areas as they relate to urban people, places, and institutions. 7 Stolton, S, Shadie, P. and Hag Young Heo (2011). IUCN protected area management categories classify protected areas according to their management objectives. Founded in 1948, today IUCN the largest professional global conservation network. IUCN PROTECTED AREA CATEGORIES. The categories are recognized by international bodies such as the United Nations and by many national governments as the global standard for defining and recording protected areas and as such are increasingly being incorporated into government legislation. Combined or adjoining terrestrial and marine projected areas 26 5.3 ‘Nested sites’ 26 5.4. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental organisation. Criticism [ edit ] It has been claimed that the IUCN puts the needs of nature above those of humans, disregarding economic considerations and the interests of indigenous peoples and other traditional users of the land. IUCN Red List which is considered as the most comprehensive inventory of global conservation status of plant and animal species, classifies species into 9 categories which are specified by the criteria such as population size, rate of decline, area of geographic distribution, degree of … Secondly, in 2000, IUCN members voted in favour of a recommendation at the World Conservation Congress suggesting that governments ban mining, mineral extraction and exploration in certain IUCN protected area categories, causing a furore in the mineral industry (Koziell & Omosa, 2003). Case study South Korea – Marine Categories. Answer: IUCN Protected Area Management Categories: Category Ia – Strict Nature Reserve. IUCN is the governing body responsible for the development of the Protected Area Management Categories into which each protected area is divided depending on its conservation requirements and management aims. Wetlands of international importance and the IUCN system of protected area management categories Ramsar Secretariat 138 8.2. IUCN Category VI - Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources (Areas) Tools Protected Planet a tool for visualizing information on protected areas at the site level, country level, regional level and global level.
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