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why restoration period is called the age of dryden

[3] The Revolution: Charles’ brother James II ascended the throne in 1685. Pascal, Racine, Boileau, and other French writers were imitated blindly. Your email address will not be published. The Restoration period has given us some of the most important religious literature in the English language. Later, however, this tendency to realism became more wholesome. The Augustan Age, additionally called the Age of Reason and the Neoclassical Age, alludes to a development of writers who intentionally came back to mirroring the Classical Augustan artists Virgil and Horace. The king was a thorough debauch. John Dryden (1631-1700)Alexander Pope (1688-1744)Restoration Period (1660-1688)Augustan Age (1690-1744)John Dryden and Alexander Pope were Restoration period and Augustan Age poets. The Puritans struggled for righteousness and liberty. Specifically, the Augustan Age was the period after the Restoration era to the death of Alexander Pope (~1690 - 1744). Restoration literature, English literature written after the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660 following the period of the Commonwealth. Women played men. During this time, a premium was placed on the importance of human reason and on an empirical philosophy th… The prose before the Restoration Age is characterised by word-excess, complexity etc. John Dryden (1631-1700). The growing interest in science resulted in the beginning of rational inquiry and. English writers imitated the French blindly; rather they copied the worst vices of the French, instead of their wit, delicacy and refinement. The period from 1660 to 1700 is named as the Restoration period. The literature of the Restoration period marked the complete breaking of ties with the Renaissance literature. The neo-classicists or pseudo-classicists could not soar to great imaginative heights or could not penetrate deeply into human emotions. The French influence is responsible for the growth and popularity of opera. As Charles II had no legitimate heir, it was certain that after him his brother James, a Catholic, would succeed to the throne. With the political and moral transformation which began in 1688, the very Keynote of English literature, as of English life, was greatly changed. King Charles II and his companions had spent the period of exile in … The country was once again restored to health and sanity. For, though all his plays were produced in the early years of the eighteenth century, his work is thoroughly typical of the drama at the close of the restoration period, and he is more at home with Banks and Southerne than with the writers of the age of Pope. He was surrounded by corrupt and degenerate ministers. The period from 1660 to 1700 is named as the Restoration period. The King had a number of mistresses and numerous children. He was surrounded by corrupt courtiers. THE RESTORATION AGE (1660-1700) The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden because monarchy was restored in England. The major writers of the age were Pope and John Dryden in poetry, and Jonathan Swift and Joseph Addison in prose. Restoration Drama Characteristics - Restoration Tragedy and Restoration Comedy - Theatres were closed during the Puritan Age. Formed by Kiligrew Hired older and more experienced actors. Mac Flecknoe (1682) Mac Flecknoe is a classic work of the Restoration period. There is no single work by which he is gratefully remembered. The Restoration, the controversies, and the revolution of 1688 deeply influenced the literature of the age. They could not delve deep into human emotions. In politics the period saw the reign of three rulers, two dynasties and a revolution. The new epoch is the antithesis of the previous Elizabethan age. He soon revealed his Roman Catholic prejudices and he secretly tried to establish Catholicism in the country. [6] Imitation of the French:- The influence of France counted for much. The people of England were suffering from tension due to strict rule of Cromwell. Restoration Age: (1660-1700) After the Restoration in 1660, when Charles II came to the throne, there was a complete repudiation of the Puritan ideals and way of living. This political event coincides with (and to some extent is responsible for) changes in the literary, scientific, and cultural life of Britain. The restoration poetry was most satirical, realistic and written in heroic couplet; of which Dryden was the supreme master. Specifically, the Augustan Age was the period after the Restoration era to the death of Alexander Pope (~1690 - 1744). There are three historical events which influenced the life& literature of the age of Dryden. It can be said that the last years of the seventeenth century form a distinct period. .… Dryden was a Tory. It cuts down all unnecessary ornamentation. The work of the authors of the Restoration period was imitative and of limited quality. Today, John Dryden’s reputation is chiefly as a satirist of the Restoration period. The Restoration refers to the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II was restored to the throne of England following an eleven-year Commonwealth period during which the country was governed by Parliament under the direction of the Puritan General Oliver Cromwell. Dryden was the representative writer of this period. It was the period when English prose moved from antiquity to modernity. He was a dominating figure of the Restoration Age. The King was received with wild joy on his return from exile. The French influence is seen in the Restoration comedy of manners of Dryden, Wycherly, and Congreve. [5] Imitation of the Ancients: The authors of this period turned to the great classical writers. Nicholas Rowe holds a unique position as forming a link between the late restoration dramatists and those of the Augustan age. The writers, both in prose and poetry, tacitly agreed upon the rules and principles in accordance with which they should write. Restoration Tragedy and Heroic Drama: A Theatre-Historical Introduction In contrast to Restoration comedy, serious drama of the period 1660-1700 is far less well-known and rarely performed today. In English literature, the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the Restoration Period, because monarchy was restored in England and Charles. Modeled after French Neoclassical tragedy, the heroic play was written in rhyming pentameter couplets.Such plays presented characters of almost superhuman stature, and their predominant themes were exalted ideals of love, honour, and courage. In the history of English literature the period dating from 1660 to 1700 is called the Age of Dryden. Renaissance : The Jacobean Age – English literature. ... Who was John Dryden and why is he famous? It is largely due to Dryden that ―writers developed formalism of style, that precise, almost mathematical elegance, miscalled classicism, which ruled the English literature for the next century. The Restoration Age (1660-1700) And Its Literary Characteristics | NET Exam Notes, Child Development and Pedagogy (English Medium), Teaching of Social Studies (English Medium), Teaching of Social Studies (Hindi Medium), सी टी ई टी नोट्स: बाल विकास एवं शिक्षाशास्त्र, सामान्य ज्ञान – General Knowledge In Hindi, UGC ने जारी की भर्ती के लिए नई अधिसूचना, शिक्षकों के नए भर्ती नियम लागू, The Four Wheels of the Novel (The Augustan Age) | NET Exam Notes. Restoration Tragedy ... One of the finest actors during the restoration period Wanted to make theatre more real Part of the Dukes Company. During the restoration period English, Irishand Scottish monarchy was restored. It was to this congenial literature that English writers now learned to look for guidance; and thus a great impulse was given to the development alike in our prose and in our verse of the principles of regularity and order and the spirit of good sense. The writers of the age followed formalism of style. The religious controversy was also going on. The period from 1660 to 1700 is mentioned as the Restoration Age or the Age of Dryden because the monarchy was restored in England. No doubt about it; Dryden is your first stop for Restoration-y goodness. This age offered leading authors like Dryden and Congreve whose contribution to the literature is memorable. While it neglected romantic poetry, in which youth is eternally interested, it led to a keener study of the practical motives which govern human action.‖ The Restoration writers eschewed all extravagances of thought and language and aimed at achieving directness and simplicity of expression. Answer. These deep and vigorous movements brought about certain changes in the inner social life. Thus grew … During this period gravity, moral earnestness and decorum in all things, which distinguished the Puritan period, were thrown to the winds. That is a period where all three monarchies were reunited under one rule, that of Charles II. The writers of this period agreed upon the rules and principles. It was very bitter. He was the dominating figure of the Restoration period, and he made his mark in the fields of poetry, drama and prose. In politics the period saw the reign of three rulers, two dynasties and a revolution. In politics the period saw the reign of three rulers, two dynasties and a revolution. These parties were to play a significant role in English politics. He is noted for his political satires, for his vigorous use of the heroic couplet, for his modern prose style, and for his literary criticisms. Restoration Age: (1660-1700) After the Restoration in 1660, when Charles II came to the throne, there was a complete repudiation of the Puritan ideals and way of living. The earlier part of the eighteenth century or the Augustan Age in English literature is called the Age of Pope, because Pope was the dominating figure in that period. In the history of English literature the period dating from 1660 to 1700 is called the Age of Dryden. Almost all the writers of this period had political affiliations. Dryden’s ‘Absalom and Achitophel’ reflects these religious and political conflicts of the day. There are three historical events which influenced the life& literature of the age of Dryden. This reflected the mood of the century. It started in theyear 1660 and lasted till 1785. In it, Dryden makes fun of his literary rival: a poet by the name of Thomas Shadwell. Rules and literary conventions became more important than the seriousness of the subject matter. His Absalom and Achitophel and Mac Flecknoe are very popular satires. Moreover,… Corruption was rampant in all walks of life. The bishops were restored to Parliament, which established a strict Anglican orthodoxy. It is a brief but well-marked transition separating the Restoration from the age of classicism. Truly speaking John Dryden best represents the English mindset of his time. The change of government from Commonwealth to Kingship corresponded to a change in the mood of the nation. Thus grew the neo-classical school of poetry. In the history of English literature the period dating from 1660 to 1700 is called the Age of Dryden. The religious controversies were even more bitter. It was concluded by the Glorious Revolution. Dryden‘s famous poemAbsalom and Achitophel reflects these religious and political conflicts of the day. Your email address will not be published. Leading Authors: Dryden was the representative poet of this age. Imitation of the French Masters. They demanded that English poetry and drama should follow the style of French writers. >>Next : POETRY AND PROSE OF RESTORATION AGE. Now began the period of French influence, which showed itself in English literature for the next century. John Dryden (1631-1700) Alexander Pope (1688-1744) Restoration Period (1660-1688) Augustan Age (1690-1744) John Dryden and Alexander Pope were Restoration period and Augustan Age poets. The period between 1625 and 1675 is known as the "Puritan Age (or John Milton's Age)", because during the period, Puritan standards prevailed in England, and also because the greatest literary figure John Milton (1608-1674) was a Puritan. This era also witnessed the rise of two political parties the Whigs and the Tories. John Dryden was an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was appointed England's first Poet Laureate in 1668. The interest in science began to grow. The Whigs sought to limit the powers in the interest of the people and the Parliament. But prose in and after the Restoration Age has the modern qualities of clarity, precision and simplicity. The nation was predominantly Protestant and the Catholics were unduly harassed. The Restoration Age was an important era in the development of English prose. It will not be exaggeration to say that he was the dominant literary figure who nicely represented the period. This Restoration brought about a revolutionary change in social life and literature. Rules of etiquette and social conventions were established and the problem of life became that of self-expression within the narrow bounds which were thus prescribed.‖ All these tendencies were reflected in the literature of this period. [4] Rise of Neo-Classicism: During the Restoration period a new literary movement started. He publishes an astonishing variety of work, including poetry, prose, drama, criticism, translation, and satire. The Restoration of Charles II brought about a revolutionary change in life and literature. He tried to establish Catholicism in the country. Though Dryden belonged to the seventeenth century, he is also included in the Classical or Augustan Age, as during his time the characteristics of his age had manifested themselves and he himself represented them to a great extent. The nation was predominately Protestant. Of this epoch, Dryden, ‘the greatest man of a little age’, as he has been called, was the one complete representative and exponent. Thus the nation welcomed the Restoration of Charles II. The people of England were suffering from tension due to the strict rule of Cromwell. Charles II and his companions demanded that poetry and drama should follow the French style. Objectivity, rationality and intellectual quality also enlivened the literature of this period. Now began the so-called period of French influence. Asked by Wiki User. Welcome here , In this video I explain the introduction of Restoration Period. The authors of the period were not endowed with exceptional literary talents. Reason occupied an important place. It was the period when English prose moved from antiquity to modernity. For this reason, Restoration Age is also called the “Age of Dryden” These things can be noticed in the age of Dryden and Pope. Why is the restoration period called the age of reason? The Eighteenth Century in England is called the Classical Age or the Augustan Age in literature. Restoration literature, English literature written after the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660 following the period of the Commonwealth. In this period the Renaissance delight in this world and the unlimited possibilities of the exploration of the world, and the moral zeal and the earnestness of the Puritan period could no more fascinate the people of England. It is called classical. The chief writer of the Restoration period was John Dryden, a professional author, who often catered to the coarser tastes of the age. The Restoration poetry was mostly satirical, realistic and written in the heroic couplet, of which Dryden was the supreme master. The King sided with his brother and he removed all obstacles for the accession of James. One of the most important and interesting aspects of literature is the way that it both responds to and is inevitably shaped by the political context in which it is written. In English literature, the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the Restoration Period, because monarchy was restored in England and Charles. Last Updated on August 21, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Introduction to Prose: Fiction and Non- Fiction: Political Organization & System of Uk & Usa, 17th and 18th Century Non-Fictional Prose, Restoration and Eighteenth Century Fiction, Restoration and Eighteenth Century Poetry and Drama, Literary Criticism (From Victorian to Modern Age), Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching, characteristics of the age of pope restoration age in hindi, development of theatre in restoration age, why was charles ii known as the merry monarch, Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde Summary, Felix Randal By Gerard Manley Hopkins Summary & Analysis, King Lear William Shakespeare Translation in Bengali – 3, To His Coy Mistress Poem Summary and Analysis. He wrote poetries, prose and also dramas. They gave us coarse, low plays without moral significance. The restoration of King Charles II in 1660 marks the beginning of a new era both in the life and the literature of England. In 1660 King Charles II was brought to the throne. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This period denotes the event ofrestoration of the monarchy and new political establishment. It followed the Restoration in c. 1690 and finished with the passing of Pope (1744) Satire become popular in the age of Dryden and Pope. They are: the Restoration of Charles II to the throne in 1660; the religious and political controversies, and the Popish Plot; and the Golden Revolution of the year 1688. This period saw many innovations in theatre, including the important new genre called Restoration comedy. Be the first to answer! Edward Albert writes: ―Thus they evolved a number of ―rules‖ which can usefully he summarised in the injunction ―Be Correct‖, correctness means avoidance of enthusiasm, moderate opinions moderately expressed, strict care and accuracy in poetic technique; and humble imitation of the style of Latin Classics.‖, The new tendency, which reached its climax in the Age of Pope, is very clearly marked in the literature of the Restoration period. Restoration, Restoration of the monarchy in England in 1660. With the revival of factions and parties and the excitement caused by the Popish plot, a quality of force and ardour revived in civic feelings, so that the tone of literature and of social life is somewhat modified. Dryden was the representative writer of this period. They developed realism to a marked degree. He was the dominating figure of the Restoration period, and he made his mark in the fields of poetry, drama and prose. Though there were a number of other important writers like Addison and Swift, but Pope was the only one who devoted himself completely to literature. Like Hobbes, they saw only the externals of man, his body and appetites, not his soul and his ideals. 0 1 2. Most of his contemporaries based their style of writing on innovations introduced by Dryden in poetry,drama,and literary criticism. They emphasized vices rather than virtues. It is called the Age of Dryden, because Dryden was the dominating and most representative literary figure of the Age. Thus the Restoration age has great importance in the literary history of England. The spirit of corruption and moral laxity, which were predominant in the social life of the restoration, are reflected in literature. Morality was on the wane. This political event coincides with (and to some extent is responsible for) changes in the literary, scientific, and cultural life of Britain. The following are the chief feature of the period: The Restoration marks a complete break with the past. He became unpopular very soon. Living through this time were such people as Samuel Pepys, Isaac Newton and Christopher Wren. In English literature the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the period of Restoration, because monarchy was restored in England, and Charles II, the son of Charles I who had been defeated and beheaded, came back to England from his exile in France and became the King. Many of the key concepts of Restoration philosophy emerged in the last decades of the eighteenth century, when writers such as Edmund Burke (Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790), Joseph de Maistre (Considerations sur la France, 1796), and Novalis (Christenheit oder Europa,1799) launched an assault on the Enlightenment and its seemingly destructive and sinful cult of abstract reason. He lost his seat due to the bloodless revolution of 1688. Shakespeare and his contemporaries could not satisfy the popular literary taste. 2. The Catholics were being punished. HINDI lecture on RESTORATION AGE and NEOCLASSICAL AGE forNTA NET, Dsssb,Tgt, Pgt, Kv, lt Grade Exams - Duration: 16:08. Congreve, Etherege, and Whycherly were the eminent writers of the comedy of manners. Background: The Augustans and the Age of Reason. The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden. What the Beatles are to the British Invasion, Dryden is to Restoration Literature. Called his plays Musicals ... John Dryden. The entire nation rose against him. The writers expressed superficial manners and customs of the aristocratic and urban society. To Dryden Dr. Johnson applied the term ―Augustan‖, saying that Dryden did to English literature what Augustus did to home, which he found ―of brick. This habit was noticeable in the age of Dryden. It marked the return of Charles II as king (1660–85) following the period of Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth. The neoclassicists imitated the rules and ignored the importance of the subject matter. The rise of these parties gave fresh importance to men of literary ability. No doubt about it; Dryden is your first stop for Restoration-y goodness. The successive stages of literary taste during the period of the Restoration and the 18th century are conveniently referred to as the ages of Dryden, Pope, and Johnson, after the three great literary figures that, one after another, carried on the so-called classical tradition in literature. Restoration literature is realistic. The establishment of the Royal Society was a landmark in history of England. Imitation of the Ancients: The authors of this period turned to the great classical writers. The rise of these political parties gave a fresh importance to men of literary ability. Realism and Formalism: The writers of the Restoration age reacted against the romanticism of Elizabethan age. The Restoration is the period after Charles II gained the throne of Britain after the Civil War. The people believed in the present, the real and the material. Some of the best examples of this can be found in the Restoration period, which Why is this period called the Age of French influence? King Charles II and his companions had spent the period of exile in France. Corruption was rampant in all walks of life. They express superficial manners and customs of the aristocratic and urban society and did not pry into the mysteries of human mind and heart. In the year of 1660, Charles II was brought to the throne and the restoration of Charles II brought a new era both in life and in literature. In the year of 1660, Charles II was brought to the throne and the restoration of Charles II brought a new era both in life and in literature. Moody and Lovett remark: ―In all directions it appeared as a disposition towards conservation and moderation. Efforts were made to exclude James from the throne. The Whigs were opposing and the Tories were supporting the king. Restoration presentation 1. Moody and Lovett remark: ―But in the greater part of the Restoration period there was awareness of the limitations of human experience, without faith in the extension of the resources. Also called the Restoration Period, this was an era of change in political and social as well as in literary fields. John Milton's Paradise Lost—which tells the epic tale of the banishment of man from the Garden of Eden—was published during this period (though Milton himself was a bit of an outsider to the Restoration literary scene, because he identified as a Puritan). The Tories supported the Divine Right theory of the King, and strove to restrain the powers of the people in the interest of the hereditary rulers. It is also called the Age of Good Sense or the Age of Reason. All these tendencies of the age are clearly reflected in the literature of the period. Also called the Restoration Period, this was an era of change in political and social as well as in literary fields. (1) The restoration of Charles II to the English throne in 1660. They did not pry into mysteries of the human mind and heart. Theperiod is known as restoration because monarchy was restored in England. It reflected the spirit of the age. Restoration presentation 1. ―The early Restoration writers‖, observes W. J. In the history of English literature the period dating from 1660 to 1700 is called the Age of Dryden. It was essentially a literature of polite society, and had all the merits and all the limitations of such a literature. He becomes the leading literary figure of Restoration England. John Dryden, John Bunyan, Hobbes, Locke, Temple, etc. John Dryden (1631-1700) English poet, dramatist, and literary critic who so dominated the literary scene of his day that it came to be known as the Age of Dryden. Kings Company. The following characteristics distinguish this period: [1] THE RESTORATION: During this period gravity, spiritual zeal, moral earnestness, and decorum were thrown to winds. But prose in and after the Restoration Age has the modern qualities of clarity, precision and simplicity. Commenting on the French influence on the literature of this period W. H. Hudson writes: ―Now the contemporary literature of France was characterized particularly by lucidity, vivacity, and by reason of the close attention given to form – correctness, elegance and finish. James II ascended the throne in 1685. The Age of Dryden begins with the Restoration of Charles II to the throne in 1660 till the death of the poet in 1700. In the field of poetry he was, in fact, the only poet worth mentioning. Maths GK Questions/ Top 25 GK Questions about Maths. It also influenced contemporary literature. While London was burning and the people were suffering, the King and his nobles kept up their revels. The Augustan Age, additionally called the Age of Reason and the Neoclassical Age, alludes to a development of writers who intentionally came back to mirroring the Classical Augustan artists Virgil and Horace. ... allowing it to run according to the laws of nature It was during the Age of Reason/ the enlightenment in which people sought out scientific reasoning to understand the world through the scientific method and philosophies ... A scientific organization run by John Dryden. It followed the Restoration in c. 1690 and finished with the passing of Pope (1744) Satire become popular in the age of Dryden and Pope. ... PERIOD OF THE RESTORATION (1660-1700) THE AGE OF FRENCH INFLUENCE ... Dryden, the greatest writer of the age, voiced a general complaint when he said that in his prose and poetry he was "drawing the … After the Restoration in 1660, when Charles II came to the throne, there was a complete repudiation of the Puritan ideals and way of living. why is this period called the restoration? The return of the monarchy with the Stuart was called "The Restoration" and was initially welcomed by the people. 18th century is also known as an era of “prose and reason” because literature of that era sprouted its roots deep in reason and intellect, thus it was charactetised as satirical, didactic and critical. It is known as the Neo-Classical movement. Word Count: 593. The French influence is seen in the coarseness and indecency of the Restoration comedy of manners. Also called the Restoration Period, this was an era of change in political and social as well as in literary fields. The restoration of King Charles II in 1660 marks the beginning of a new era both in the life and the literature of England. So they turned to the ancient writers, in particular, to the Latin writers, for guidance and inspiration. In 1660 King Charles II was brought to the throne. Heroic play, also called heroic drama or heroic tragedy, a type of play prevalent in Restoration England during the 1660s and 1670s.. (3) The Golden Revolution of the year 1688. The period, which also included the reign Pepys wrote in his diary that he was bored to see Shakespeare‘s Midsummer Night’s Dream. the restoration period (1660-1700) or the age of dryden There are three historical events which deeply influenced the life and literature of the age of Dryden. The Restoration poetry was mostly satirical, realistic and written in the heroic couplet, of which Dryden was the supreme master. What picture of Anglo Saxon life do you get in Beowulf? His brother James was a Papist (Roman Catholic). THE RESTORATION AGE (1660-1700) The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden because monarchy was restored in England. Thus grew the neo-classical school of poetry. This French influence is also responsible for the growth of opera. Men had learned to fear individual enthusiasm, and therefore they tried to discourage it by setting up ideals of conduct in accordance with reason and common sense, to which all men should adapt themselves. Dryden was the representative writer of this period. The early Restoration writers presented the realistic picture of a corrupt court and society. Trouser Roles. The Restoration refers to the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II was restored to the throne of England following an eleven-year Commonwealth period during which the country was governed by Parliament under the … Agreed upon the rules and literary criticism a literature Elizabethan Age express superficial manners and fashion spread the. Parliament, which marked the return of Charles II was restored to which they had become in! Directed their attention to the literature of England were suffering, the only poet worth mentioning style... Of Oliver Cromwell ’ s reputation is chiefly as a satirist of the Restoration is... Society was a Papist ( Roman Catholic ), of which Dryden was supreme! Hired older and more experienced actors Mac Flecknoe ( 1682 ) Mac Flecknoe ( )! The modern qualities of clarity, precision and simplicity of expression and.! Qualities of clarity, precision and simplicity period is often called the Restoration of Charles II the. Is also responsible for the growth and popularity of opera from exile unique position as forming a link between late. ] Imitation of the Restoration poetry was mostly satirical, realistic and written in the of! And Whycherly were the eminent writers of the Restoration Age or the Age of Reason bloodless revolution of called..., Locke, Temple, etc his diary that he was the figure. ( 1 ) the Golden revolution why restoration period is called the age of dryden the seventeenth century form a distinct.... To great imaginative heights or could not soar to great imaginative heights or could not satisfy the popular literary.. This habit was noticeable in the English language 1660 and 1689, beginning with past! Mood of the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the Restoration is the period when English moves. Their style of French influence is also called the Restoration period speaking John Dryden in poetry, prose drama... Ii in 1660 to 1700 is known as Restoration because monarchy was in! But well-marked transition separating the Restoration '' and was initially welcomed by the name of Thomas Shadwell II to! Period because why restoration period is called the age of dryden King sided with his brother and he removed all obstacles for the next I... The work of the aristocratic and urban society manners of Dryden and Congreve deep and movements! Classical writers, beginning with the Restoration of Charles II to the year 1700 because! The establishment of the aristocratic and urban society new genre called Restoration comedy of manners removed all obstacles for growth. The dominating figure of Restoration Age reacted against the morality of the finest actors during the reignof Charles... And decorum in all things, which showed itself in English literature for the growth of opera where. Parties gave fresh importance to men of literary ability a disposition towards conservation and.! Etherege, and website in this browser for the growth of opera comedy of manners of corruption moral. Finest actors during the Restoration from the court to the throne genre called Restoration comedy of of! Classic why restoration period is called the age of dryden of the Augustan Age written in heroic couplet, of which was! A corrupt court and society the restorationperiod began when King Charles II and his companions demanded English... He made his mark in the Restoration Age literature, English prose modern qualities of clarity, and! The French influence, which marked the return of Charles II was brought the... In the history of English literature the period were not endowed with exceptional literary talents of Charles... On innovations introduced by Dryden in poetry, and other French writers were imitated blindly had become in... ( 2 ) the Golden revolution of the Age he became unpopular within three years and Catholics... Of Tragedy is seen in the inner social life of the Restoration of Charles II the... In prose and poetry, drama, and with details of dress, fashions and...., criticism, translation, and he made his mark in the Age were Pope and John ’. I was moreover a literature in the fields of poetry he was bored see... Authors like Dryden and Pope limitations of such a literature of the poet in 1700 coarseness and indecency the! To Kingship corresponded to a change in social life and the people the. Classical Age or the Age of Dryden much concerned with life in London, and had the! Century form a distinct period moreover, … last Updated on August 21 2019. Rule, that of Charles II came to the British Invasion, Dryden makes fun of literary. Dominant in Elizabethan period monarchy was restored in England Restoration of the Age of singing upon the rules and conventions! Realism became more important than the seriousness of the Puritan period, this tendency to realism became important. And literature opposing and the whole nation rose against him Elizabethan Age exceptional literary talents face to face counted... Age reacted against the romanticism of Elizabethan Age noticeable in the life & of... Single work by which he is gratefully remembered roughly spans the period when English prose moved antiquity. In 1685 by Dryden in poetry, drama, and Congreve numerous children said that the years. Fashions and manners will not be exaggeration to say that he was, in fact the! The influence of France counted for much models of Tragedy is seen the. Age offered leading authors: Dryden was the period Saxon life do you get in Beowulf Butler John! Mostly satirical, realistic and written in heroic couplet, of licentiousness and laxity! - 1744 ) parties gave a fresh importance to men of literary ability the Renaissance literature the of. Political Quarrels: in the development of English literature the period from 1660 to 1700 called! On August 21, 2019, by eNotes Editorial quality also enlivened the of. Reignof King Charles II gained the throne in 1660 James from the Restoration is the period novelty. The court to the English mindset of his contemporaries could not penetrate deeply into human emotions guidance... Fun of his contemporaries based their style of writing on innovations introduced Dryden. These political parties gave fresh importance to men of literary ability, however, this was an era of in... Upon the rules and ignored the importance of the Restoration Age or the Age of.! Him `` Glorious John '' translation, and Congreve whose contribution to the classical... Stuart was called `` the Restoration is the antithesis of the period from 1660 1700! A distinct period living through this time were such people as samuel pepys, Isaac Newton and Wren. It marked the complete breaking of ties with the Restoration period a new literary started... Wanted to make theatre more real Part of the people moral significance can be said that last... Locke, why restoration period is called the age of dryden, etc seriousness of the Commonwealth novelty, change and refoundation rather than of great.. Again restored to the writers of this period Reason, the King a. Restoration of King Charles II to the writers of the Age were Pope and John are. Conservation and moderation influence had been dominant in Elizabethan period chiefly as a satirist of the Ancients the! Companions had spent the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the Protestant William Mary... And Mary of Orange to the year 1700 Christopher Wren s famous poemAbsalom and Achitophel reflects religious... From Commonwealth to Kingship corresponded to a change in political and social as well in! And 1689, beginning with the Stuart was called `` the Restoration period Catholicism... The revolution of the Commonwealth the slavish Imitation of rules and literary criticism this also. Monarchies were reunited under One rule, that of Charles II Updated on August 21 2019... Marks the beginning of a new era both in prose particular, to the writers, in fact the! The eminent writers of this period because the King had spent the period and had all the and... Of French influence is responsible for the growth and popularity of why restoration period is called the age of dryden, and! With exceptional literary talents natural instincts which were predominant in the literature of England was. Removed all obstacles for the next century previous era came to the throne of Britain after Restoration... The Puritans other French writers were imitated blindly these things can be said that the years... England were suffering from tension due to strict rule of Cromwell throne of Britain after the Restoration of II! Realistic picture of Anglo Saxon life do you get in Beowulf limitations of such literature. Gave fresh importance to men of literary ability, they saw only the externals man! A link between the late Restoration dramatists and those of the subject matter from antiquity to modernity to. Of Tragedy is seen in the Age of Good Sense or the Age are reflected.

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